182
KAREN D. BOYD & WADE LIVINGSTON
Aligning Policies and Programs
Organizational structures, policies, processes, and procedures shape how
and where the student experiences the relationship in the classroom. Cog-
nitive and moral development theory, a foundation for higher education
administration, recommends that effective educational interventions are
personalized experiences accompanied by guided reflection, allowing stu-
dents to engage their interests
.
48
Selecting teaching methodologies that re-
inforce engagement, grading rubrics that reward personal meaning-making,
and course administration policies and decision-making processes design-
ed to give students personal choice, while guiding them toward and incen-
tivizing professional excellence, includes graduate students as partners in
their learning.
Building an Environment
The classroom environment is filled with opportunities for faculty to con-
struct a course culture and climate that directs student learning toward
the desired outcomes. The faculty sets the tone (i.e., climate) and estab-
lishes how what is valued manifests itself in the classroom (i.e., culture).
Higher Education culture, as found in foundational documents, embraces
a student-centered, learning-focused value system and a commitment to
educating students for personal and social responsibility
.
49
Cultural mes-
48 M
ARCIA
B. B
AXTER
M
AGOLDA
,
K
R
C
: G
-
R
P
S
D
(1992); D
AVID
A.
K
OLB
,
E
L
: E
S
L
D
(1984).
49 Nancy J. Evans & Robert D. Reason,
Guiding Principles: A Review and Analysis of
Student Affairs Philosophical Statements
42 J. of College Student Development 359–
1...,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,180,181 183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,...304