Neolithic Sites in Western Europe
Images and Ritual Meanings


Le Petit Mont Cairn (Little Mountain Cairn) Gulf of Morbihan, District of Arzon, Brittany, France.

This well preserved cairn sits on a granite cliff near the port of Crouesty, to the south of Arzon. It was excavated beginning in 1864 and restored in 1906. In 1943 the Germans installed a blockhouse by destroying a room. The site was restored by J. Lecornec between 1979 and 1988. The cairn measures 60 meters in length, 46 meters in width, and between 6 and 7 meters in height. It is built over several dolmens with antechambers. The dolmen in the southwest has engravings that include axes in circles, fitted axes, and undulating signs. The Romans transformed the site into a sanctuary for Venus. The outer portion of the cairn has eight levels of drystone that give it a terraced look. The cairn was built in three phases, the most ancient of which dates from 4,500 b.c.e. Text reference, "The Megaliths of Brittany," by Jacques Briard.

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