SEASONAL OCCURRENCE AND RELATIVE ABUNDANCE OF THE BIRDS OF EMERALDA MARSH CONSERVATION AREA.
 
This list is based on my observations only, which have occurred mostly in the Lake Griffin Flow-way (Area 3) and the Long Farm
 section (Area 5).  A few of the species below have been seen at locations on EMCA other than these.  

 

HABITATS:  Hhammock;  F – field, successional, disturbed upland (non-aquatic) habitats;  M – marsh, or at edges of canals or impoundments;  W – open water of impoundments, canals, or Lake Griffin;  L – on levee roads;   E – ecotonal – at edges of two habitats.

 

ABUNDANCE: R - rare – seen (or heard) on only one or two occasions;  U – uncommon – seen (or heard) occasionally in the appropriate habitat, but not on each census;  C – common – seen (or heard) in small numbers (20 or fewer)  in appropriate habitat on nearly every census;  A  - abundant – seen (or heard) in large numbers (more than 20) in appropriate habitat on nearly every census.  N – not observed.

 

SEASONS:  Divisions between seasons are based on my impressions of the timing of changes in the bird fauna.  Winter – November-February; Spring – March – May;  Summer – June-mid-August;  Fall – mid-August – October.

 

SPECIES

  HABITATS

WINTER

SPRING

SUMMER

FALL

Pied-billed Grebe

W, M

A

U

U

C

Horned Grebe

W

R

N

N

N

Double-crested Cormorant

W

A

C

C

A

Anhinga

W,M,H

A

A

A

A

American White Pelican

W

U

U

N

N

Great Blue Heron

M

A

A

A

A

Green Heron

M

U

C

C

C

Little Blue Heron

M

C

C

C

C

Cattle Egret

M,L

U

A

A

A

Great Egret

M

A

A

A

A

Snowy Egret

M

C

C

C

C

Tricolored Heron

M

C

C

C

C

Black-crowned Night-Heron

M

C

C

C

C

Least Bittern

M

N

U

C

U

American Bittern

M

U

N

N

U

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

M

N

U

U

U

Wood Stork

M

C

N

N

U

Glossy Ibis

M

A

A

A

A

White Ibis

M

A

A

A

A

Roseate Spoonbill

M

N

N

N

R

Mallard

W

U

N

N

U

Mottled Duck

W

U

U

U

U

Gadwall

W

U

N

N

U

Northern Pintail

W

U

N

N

U

Green-winged Teal

W

C

U

N

C

Blue-winged Teal

W

A

A

N

A

American Wigeon

W

U

U

N

U

Northern Shoveler

W

U

U

N

U

Wood Duck

W

A

U

U

A

Ring-necked Duck

W

A

U

N

A

Redhead

W

R

N

N

R

Lesser Scaup

W

U

U

N

U

Hooded Merganser

W

U

N

N

U

Red-breasted Merganser

w

R

N

N

N

Ruddy Duck

W

U

U

N

U

Bufflehead

W

R

N

N

R

Fulvous Whistling Duck

W,M

U

U

U

U

Black-bellied Whistling Duck

W

U

C

C

C

Turkey Vulture

ALL

A

C

C

A

Black Vulture

ALL

C

U

U

C

Sharp-shinned Hawk

H,F,M,L.E

U

U

N

U

Cooper's Hawk

H,F,M,L,E

U

U

N

U

Red-tailed Hawk

H,F,M,L,E

C

U

U

U

Red-shouldered Hawk

H,F,M,L,E

C

C

C

C

Short-tailed Hawk

H,F

N

N

N

R

Bald Eagle

W,M

U

U

U

U

Northern Harrier

M,F

C

U

N

C

Osprey

W,M

C

C

C

C

American Kestrel

H,F,M,L,E

U

N

N

U

Merlin

M

N

R

N

N

Peregrine Falcon

M

R

N

N

N

Northern Bobwhite

F,E

U

C

U

U

Sandhill Crane

F,M

U

U

U

U

Limpkin

W,M

U

U

U

U

King Rail

M

R

R

R

R

Sora

M

U

U

N

U

Purple Swamphen

M

N

N

N

R

Purple Gallinule

M,W

U

C

C

U

Moorhen

M,W

A

A

A

A

American Coot

M,W

A

U

U

A

Killdeer

M,F,L

U

U

U

U

Common Snipe

M

C

U

N

C

Greater Yellowlegs

M,W

U

U

N

U

Lesser Yellowlegs

M,W

U

U

N

U

Least Sandpiper

M,W

U

U

N

U

Black-necked Stilt

M,W

N

C

C

N

Short-billed Dowitcher

M,W

U

U

N

U

Solitary Sandpiper

M

R

R

N

R

Pectoral Sandpiper

M

N

R

N

N

Stilt Sandpiper

M

N

R

N

N

Dunlin

M

N

R

N

N

Ring-billed Gull

M,W,L

C

C

N

C

Bonaparte’s Gull

M,W

R

N

N

N

Laughing Gull

M,W

N

N

R

N

Forster's Tern

M, W

U

U

N

U

Caspian Tern

M,W

U

U

N

U

Black Tern

M,W

N

N

R

N

Black Skimmer

W

N

N

N

R

Eurasian Collared Dove

F,L

U

U

U

U

Mourning Dove

F,L,H,E

C

C

C

C

Common Ground-Dove

F,L,E

U

U

U

U

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

H

N

U

U

N

Eastern Screech-Owl

H

U

U

U

U

Barred Owl

H

U

U

U

U

Great Horned Owl

H

R

R

R

R

Barn Owl

F

N

R

N

N

Chuck-will's-widow

H

N

U

U

N

Common Nighthawk

ALL

N

U

U

N

Chimney Swift

ALL

N

U

U

N

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

H,E,L

N

U

U

N

Belted Kingfisher

M,W

C

U

U

C

Common Flicker

H,E

U

U

U

U

Pileated Woodpecker

H

U

U

U

U

Red-bellied Woodpecker

H

C

C

C

C

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

H

U

N

N

U

Downy Woodpecker

H

C

C

C

C

Red-headed Woodpecker

H,F

N

N

N

R

Eastern Kingbird

F,M,E

N

U

U

N

Western Kingbird

M

N

N

N

R

Great Crested Flycatcher

H

N

C

C

N

Ash-throated Flycatcher

H,E

N

R

N

N

Eastern Phoebe

H,M,F,E

A

U

U

A

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

H,F,E

N

N

N

R

Empidonax   sp

H,F,E

N

N

U

N

Tree Swallow

M,F,E

A

C

N

A

Barn Swallow

M,F,E

N

U

U

N

Cliff Swallow

M,F,E

N

N

U

N

Purple Martin

M,F,E

N

U

U

N

Rough-winged Swallow

M,F,E

N

U

U

N

Blue Jay

H,E

C

C

C

C

Fish Crow

H,M,E,F,L

U

U

U

U

Common Crow

H,M,E,F,L

U

U

U

U

Tufted Titmouse

H,E

U

U

U

U

Carolina Chickadee

H,E

R

N

N

R

House Wren

M,E,H

C

U

A

C

Carolina Wren

H,F,E

C

C

C

C

Marsh Wren

M

U

U

N

U

Sedge Wren

M

U

U

N

U

Northern Mockingbird

F,E,M

C

C

C

C

Gray Catbird

H,E

U

U

C

U

Brown Thrasher

H,E

U

U

U

U

American Robin

H,F,E,L

C

U

N

U

Hermit Thrush

H

U

U

N

U

Swainson’s Thrush

H,E

N

N

N

R

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

H,E

C

U

N

C

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

H,E

C

U

N

C

American Pipit

L,M,F

R

N

N

R

Cedar Waxwing

H,E

U

U

N

U

Loggerhead Shrike

F,E

U

U

U

U

European Starling

L,F,E

U

U

U

U

White-eyed Vireo

H,E,F

U

C

U

U

Solitary Vireo

H,E

U

U

N

U

Red-eyed Vireo

H

N

U

U

N

Prothonotary Warbler

H,E

U

R

U

N

Black-and-white Warbler

H,E

U

N

U

U

Orange-crowned Warbler

H,F,E

U

U

N

U

Blue-winged warbler

H,E

N

N

N

U

Northern Parula

H

R

C

C

U

Yellow-rumped Warbler

H,E,F

A

U

N

A

Yellow-throated Warbler

H,E

R

R

U

U

Pine Warbler

H,E

R

N

N

R

Prairie Warbler

H,E,F

U

U

U

U

Magnolia Warbler

H,E

N

U

N

U

Palm Warbler

H,E,F

C

U

N

C

Black-throated Green Warbler

H,E

N

N

N

R

Black-throated Blue Warbler

H,E,

N

N

N

U

Wilson’s Warbler

H,E,F

N

R

N

R

Ovenbird

H,E

U

U

N

U

Northern Waterthrush

H,E

U

N

N

U

Louisiana Waterthrush

H,E,

U

N

N

U

Common Yellowthroat

M,F,E

C

C

C

C

American Redstart

H,E

N

U

N

U

Yellow Warbler

H,E

N

N

N

C

Yellow-breasted Chat

F

R

U

U

R

Nashville Warbler

H,E

R

N

N

N

House Sparrow

E

R

R

R

R

Bobolink

M,F,E,L

N

C

N

N

Eastern Meadowlark

F

R

R

R

R

Red-winged Blackbird

M,F,E,H

A

A

A

A

Boat-tailed Grackle

M,F,E,H

A

A

A

A

Common Grackle

H, E

U

U

U

U

Rusty Blackbird

M,E

R

R

N

R

Brown-headed Cowbird

H,E,F

R

N

R

R

Northern Cardinal

H,E,F

A

A

A

A

Blue Grosbeak

F,E

N

U

U

N

Painted Bunting

H,E,F

U

U

U

U

Indigo Bunting

F,E

N

U

U

U

American Goldfinch

H,F,E

U

U

N

U

Rufous-sided Towhee

H,F,E

R

R

R

R

Savannah Sparrow

F,E,M,L

C

U

N

C

Chipping Sparrow

F,E,L,H

R

R

N

R

Field Sparrow

F,E

R

N

N

N

White-crowned Sparrow

F,E

U

U

N

U

White-throated Sparrow

H,E

U

U

N

U

Swamp Sparrow

M,F,E

C

C

N

C

Song Sparrow

H,E

U

U

N

U

LeConte’s Sparrow

F

R

N

N

N

Henslow’s Sparrow

F

R

N

N

N

Lincoln’s Sparrow

H,E

R

N

N

N

Lapland Longspur

L

R

N

N

N

 

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