VIREOS

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The White-eyed Vireo is the most frequently seen and heard vireo on the refuge, and a is permanent resident.  Population numbers peak in the fall, however, due to an influx of northern migrants.  They  can be found in most wooded habitats and in thickets along the impoundments.  They seem to prefer moister woodlands, but can also be found occasionally in xeric hammock .  They tend to spend their time lower in the vegetation than the other vireos, foraging mainly in the shrub and understory layer. The bright white iris is present only in adults; in young birds (right) it is brown.
                   Red-eyed Vireos are mostly migrants, but a few may stay as summer residents and breed.  Singing males can sometimes be heard in the mesic and hydric hammocks along the entrance road and parking lot.  They are nowhere near as abundant in forested habitats as they are further north, where they are often one of the most abundant nesting birds of deciduous forest.  The red eye is only present in adult birds.
                          Blue-headed Vireos (also called Solitary Vireos) are uncommon winter residents in hammock habitats.  Occasionally a lone individual will be seen with mixed species foraging flocks of other winter insectivores, such as warblers, titmice, gnatcatchers and kinglets.
              An uncommon breeding bird, look and listen for Yellow-throated Vireos in the drier, upland hammocks near the refuge entrance.   They are most easily located by their single noted  hoarse song, which they repeat frequently and which carries well over distances.

Return to: Gnatcatchers, kinglets, thrushes, etc.

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