On the question "What position should the Russian Orthodox church occupy among other religious organizations in Russia?" the opinions of Muscovites broke down as follows: the leading position, 31.9%; equal position, 45.9%; difficult to say, 19.3%; no answer, 3.0%.
As we see, only half of the Orthodox among Muscovites questions advocates a special status for the ROC.
The fate of amendments regarding religious education also depends on the status of the Orthodox church. The law guarantees the secular character of the system of state education and "it does not pursue the goal of the formation of any particular attitude toward religion." Metropolitan Kirill, on the eve of 1September on the TV broadcast "Pastoral word," speaking about the creation of a nationwide system of religious education, declared religious education the number one task for the church, and in the following broadcast (7 September) he railed against bureaucrats who, observing the law "On freedom of religious confession," violate thereby the freedom of children who want to study Orthodoxy. We have not studied the opinion of children, but hew is what adult Muscovites answered to the question: "Is it necessary to teach the Law of God in schools?": 50.2% said yes; 26.6% said no; 22.3% were unsure; and 1% did not answer.
Thus, the necessity to acquaint the younger generation with Orthodoxy within the walls of the schools is not recognized even by all of the Orthodox. It is necessary to not the low awareness of those surveyed regarding the subject. Of 30% of Muscovites who read religious literature (mostly the Bible or New Testament) only 1% had read the book "The Law of God." Tatiana Varzanova MUSLIMS ARE OPENING MOSQUES, ALTHOUGH SOME ARE OBSTRUCTED. According to certain data, from the beginning of 1996 fifty new mosques were opened belonging to the jurisdiction of the Central Council of the Ecclesiastical Board of Muslims of Russia. In just the last few days, with the participation of the supreme mufti Talgat Tadzhudin, believers came to new prayer buildings in the village of Bogatye Saby in Tatariia and the village of Galia in Samara district. It is necessary to observe that both mosques were built exclusively by the contributions and the hands of Muslims themselves, without the support of state agencies. In all, under the jurisdiction of the central board there are about 1500 mosques and 2000 parishes. At the same time the conflict between representatives of the 2000th Islamic congregation and the head of the administration of Balashikh, near Moscow, Viacheslav Ivanov, has not ceased. Here, for four years already, he has refused to allocate land to believers for construction of the mosque within the boundaries of the city. The bureaucrat explains his refusal by the claim that Islam is not traditional for this region of Russia. Ignorance has long been a distinguishing characteristics of the powers that be, but in a multiconfessional and multinational country it can lead to tragic consequences.