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Reading the Journal

The Stetson Journal of Advocacy and the Law has been designed to provide a pleasurable reading experience for anyone with an internet connection and a modern browser, such as Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari, Edge, or Internet Explorer 9 or above. (The Journal will not work properly with previous versions of Internet Explorer.)
Of course, every device has a different screen size, and the Journal format will respond to whatever size of browser window you are using. This means that it can be read on devices as large as a desktop PC with a widescreen monitor or TV screen, or as small as a cellphone. Naturally, this means that the Journal will not look quite the same for everyone — but the content of the Journal always remains the same.
If you are using a device with a reasonably wide browser window, you will see a sidebar on the left-hand side of your screen that will enable you to navigate to current and past issues of the Journal, as well as to the main site of Stetson University College of Law and to the site of the Center for Excellence in Advocacy. When you select an article to read, its contents will also appear in the sidebar. The sidebar will stay on screen as you scroll through each article, so you should never get lost! Links to our editorial pages also appear at the top and foot of every page.
For those using smaller tablets and cellphones, the sidebar will appear at the foot of the page. A comprehensive menu will also be available in the top right-hand corner of your screen.
Please note that you can also return to the welcome page at any time by clicking on the Journal’s name at the top of every page.
If you prefer to read offline, or simply like to have articles downloaded to your own hardware, just click on one of the links at the end of each article to download it in PDF, ePub e-book, or Kindle format. You may also use the standard print function in your browser to create PDFs, although this method will render all the hyperlinks dead.
If you experience any problems reading the Journal, or have any comments or suggestions regarding its format, please email our webmaster at


Our articles are referenced and footnoted in the same way as in any academic law review — but with two twists.
First, since there are no fixed page sizes online, the footnotes are not to be found at the bottom of a page. Instead, each footnote can be accessed simply by drawing your mouse or other pointing device over the footnote number. The text of the footnote will then "hover" to the right in a white box. For those whose devices do not support this function, we also list the references as endnotes at the foot of each article. Clicking on an endnote’s number will take you to the place in the main text to which the endnote is linked.
Second, you will see that references contained in footnotes are, wherever possible, hyperlinked to the original source material if it is available online. This means that cases, statutes, and other articles cited in the Journal can be accessed immediately by means of a simple left or right click.
We try to hyperlink to free, publicly-available sources when we can. In the few cases when that is not possible, we link to databases that require a password (such as Westlaw, LexisNexis, or HeinOnline). If you are a subscriber to the relevant database, you will be able to access the source by entering your regular user name and password for that site when it asks you for them. (If you are already logged in to the site, you will be taken straight to the cited source.)
Happy reading!