“Fair Use” guidelines exist for educational use of print or physical copies found in the Copyright Office’s Reproduction of Copyrighted Works for Educators and Librarians.
- The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
- The nature of the copyrighted work
- The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
- The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work
Portion Limitations for Fair Use
- A complete poem if less than 250 words and if printed on not more than two pages or, from a longer poem, anexcerpt of not more than 250 words.
- Either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500 words, or an excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1,000 words or 10% of the work, whichever is less
- One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book or per periodical issue.
- Certain works in poetry, prose or in poetic prose which often combine language with illustrations and which are intended sometimes for children and at other times for a more general audience fall short of 2,500 words in their entirety.
If you need to use a larger amount of a copyrighted publication, you will need to seek permission from the current copyright holder. For information on doing this see How to Investigate the Copyright Status of a Work and Copyright Card Catalog and the Online File.