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Jays and Crows - all of these species are permanent residents.

    Blue Jays can be found or around any of the wooded habitats.   They are usually noisy and conspicuous when present.  They do a pretty accurate imitation of a Red-shouldered Hawk, so don't be fooled.
      Fish Crows are the more common of the two species of crow on the refuge, but unless you're very good at judging size (Fish Crows are slightly smaller) or hear them calling (a raspy caw of the American crow versus the nasal car or cant of the Fish Crow), the two species are very difficult to distinguish.
      Here's an American Crow for comparison.  Normally, they are more typical of upland habitats, but can be seen around wetlands as well.

Titmice and chickadees - These birds are also found in most woodland habitats on the refuge.  Both are frequently found in winter in mixed species foraging flocks that might also contain several warblers, vireos, wrens, gnatcatchers and kinglets, a phoebe, and a woodpecker or two.

     This is the Tufted Titmouse.   They are common throughout the hammocks and forested habitats of the refuge.  Listen for their whistled peter peter calls in any hammock habitat.
   Carolina Chickadees can often be located by their  buzzy chick a dee dee dee calls, but are not quite as widespread on the refuge as Tufted Titmice. They seem to be more restricted to the larger forested tracts, avoiding the smaller isolated hammocks in the marsh.

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