The following list gives the forms used in MERRSU, including hyphenation and capitalization.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

Aaron (1688-1726?)
Aaron, secular name Andrew Zhukov (d. 1789), leader of Aaronites
Aaron Moriakin (1780-1844)
Aaron Nartsissov (1771-1841)
Aaron ben Meir of Brest, (d. 1807)
Aaron of Pinsk (d. 1841)
Abbas I (1571-1629; r. 1587-1629)
abbot: there are several categories of abbot in the Russian Orthodox church:
archimandrite (arkhimandrit); hegumen (igumen); and others that may be named "father superior," "superior," or "abbot" (namestnik, nastoiatel', stroitel')
abdication of Nicholas II (2/15 March 1917)
Abdulhamid II (r. 1876-1909)
Abel (Vasily Vasilev) (1757-1841)
Abgar V (d. A.D. 56), king of Edessa
about= c. with space after c. but no comma (c. 1406)
Abraham (d. 1375)
Abraham-Abele Posveler (1764-1836)
Abraham ben Elijah (1750-1808)
Abraham ben Joseph Solomon (1792-1855)
Abraham ben Josiah (c.1685-c.1735)
Abraham ben Veniamin (d. 1700)
Abraham of Chukhloma (d. 1375)
Abraham of Rostov (Averky) (dates unknown)
Abraham of Smolensk (dates unknown)
Abraham Palitsyn. Secular name Averky Ivanovich Palitsyn (1555?-1626)
Abraham Baer Gottlober (1810-1899)
Abraham the Bulgar (d. 1229)
Abraham the Hegumen (d. 1092),
Abraham the Hermit (d. 1360)
Abraham, monk (Afanasy) (d. 1681?)
Abramowitsch, Shalom Moiseevich (1835-1917)
Abrikosova, Anna Ivanovna (1882-1936)
abroad: [Russian] Orthodox Church Abroad
Abstainers (trezvenniki)
Ac = Acts
Academy of Sciences.
Acting Patriarch Sergius
acting patriarch (locum tenens)
Action Committee for Reunion with the Russian Orthodox Church
(Initsiativnaia gruppa po vossoedineniiu s Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkov'iu)
Action Committee for Calling a Baptist Congress
Adalbert (d. 981)
adat: Muslim tribal law system, customary courts, common law
administrative staff (consistory) of the archbishop
Adrian, Patriarch (1627-1700; r. 1690-1700)
Afanasy of Vologda (d. 1737)
Afanasy (Andrei), metr. of Moscow (r. 1564-1566) (d. after 1568)
Afanasy Filipovich (d. 1648)
Afanasy Liubimov, bishop of Kholmogory (1641-1702)
Afanasy Sakharov, 1887-1962
Agafangel Preobrazhensky (1854-1928)
Afanasy Mislavsky (d. 1714), abbot of Kievan caves, 1710-1714
Afanasy Volkovsky (d. 1776)
Ahad Ha-am (pseudonym of Asher Hirsch Ginsburg) (1856-1927)
Aivazov, Ivan Georgievich (1872-1918?)
akathistos (plural, akathistoi); akathistos of the Holy Mother of God; Akathistos hymn
Akchurin, Sergei Vasilevich (1722-1790); procurator general, 1775-1786
Akchurin, Vasily Grigorievich (1689-1760)
Akchurin, Yusuf (1876-1935)
Akhmatov, Alexei Petrovich (1818-1870), procurator general, 1862-1865
Akhmatova, Anna (pseudonym of Anna Andreevna Gorenko) (1889-1966)
Akindin (d. 1164), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1156-1164
Akindin (d. 1231), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1214-1231
Aksakov, Ivan S. (1823-1886)
Aksakov, Konstantin Sergeevich (1817-1860)
al-Afghani, Jamal Ad-Din (1839-1897)
Albert of Riga (c.1165-1229)
Albertus Magnus (1193-1280)
Alesha , not Alyosha
Alexander I (1775-1825, r. 1801-1825)
Alexander II (1818-1881, r. 1855-1881)
Alexander III (1845-1894, r. 1881-1894)
Alexander Lyceum, the
Alexander Nevsky (1220-1263)
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Alexander Paulus (1872-1953)
Alexander of Svir, Saint; (Amos Stefanovich) (1448-1533)
Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.)
Alexander's Settlement (Aleksandrovskaia sloboda)
Alexander-Mariinsky ecclesiastical school
Alexander Zakke (or Zakis) (1834-1899)
Alexandra (Agafiia Simeonovna Belokopytova) (d. 1789)
Alexandrovich, Alexandrovna
Alexeev, Ivan (1718-1776), leader of "Novopomortsy"
Alexeevich, Alexeevna
Alexis (1298-1378), metropolitan of Kiev, 1353-1378
Alexis Alexeevich (d. 1676)
Alexis Dekhterev (1889-1959)
Alexis Gromadsky (1862-1943), archbishop
Alexis Mikhailovich (1629-1676, r. 1645-1676)
Alexis Petrovich (1690-1718)
Alexis II Ridiger (b. 1929), elected patriarch, 1990
Alexis I Simansky (1877-1970), patriarch of Moscow and all-Russia (r. 1945-1970)
Alexis, metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1355-1378)
Alexius I Comnenus (r. 1081-1118)
Alf, Gottfreid (1831-1898)
Ali (c.600-661)
Alimpy (d. 1859)
Alimpy Gusev
Alipy (1054?-1114?), alternative forms, Alimpy, Olimpy
Alipy Voronov (1914-1975)
all: as prefix, usually takes hyphen
All Saints: the Sunday of All Saints
All-Night Vigil, the (vsenoshchnoe bdenie)
all-night vigil, an
all-Russia: of Moscow and all-Russia (hyphenated)
All-Russian Muslim Congress (13-23 January 1906 )
All-Russian Muslim League 117
All-Russian Teacher's Congress
All-Russian Union of Democratic Clergy and
Laity (ARUDCL); All-Russian Congress of Clergy and laity (4-12 June 1917)
all-Russian council
All-Ukrainian Orthodox Church Council
all-Ukrainian council
All-Union Council of Evangelical Christians-Baptists (AUCECB)
alleluia: "double" (sugubia) alleluia; "triple" (tregubaia) alleluia
Alliance Israelite Universelle
Almighty (Pantokrator), the.
Altai region
altar Gospel of 1571
Altaras, Jacob Isaac (1786-1873)
Alyosha, do not use; Alesha, instead
Amanor : beginning of the new year, called Amanor or Navasart.
Ambrose (1791-1863)
Ambrose Grenkov (1812-1891)
Ambrose Morev (r. 1828-1832)
Ambrose of Milan (c.339-397)
Ambrose Yushkevich (1690-1745)
Ambrose Zertis (1708-1771)
American Joint Distribution Committee
analoi: icon stand
Anastasia (d. 1560), wife of Ivan IV
Anastasius of Mount Sinai (d. c.700)
Anatoly Vasilevich Lunacharsky (1875-1933)
anchorite (skhimnik)
anchoritic monasticism
Ancient Apostolic Church.
Ancient Church of the East
Ancient of Days, the
Andrei Bogoliubsky (b. 1111?, r. 1157-1174)
Andrei Rublev (c.1370-c.1430)
Andrei Sheptytsky (1865-1944) of Lviv
Andrei Ukhtomsky of Ufa (1872-1944?)
Andrew of Crete (c.660-740)
Andrew the First-called; Andrew the Baptizer of the Russian land.
Andronik (d. 13 June 1374)
Andropov, Yury, general secretary of the Communist party (1982-1984)
Andrusovo, treaty of .(1667)
angels: the neuter pronoun for angels is preferred
Anhelovych : Antin Anhelovych (1756-1814)
Anichkov, Dmitry Sergeevich (1733-1788)
Anna Ivanovna (r. 1730-1740)
Anna Kashinskaia
Anna Leopoldovna (1718-1746)
Annunciation: church of the Annunciation;
cathedral of the Annunciation; feast of the Annunciation; Annunciation of the Holy Virgin; Annunciation of the Most Holy Mother of God; Annunciation-in-Gorodische, church of the
Anserov, Pavel Alexandrovich (d. 1883)
Anthim (c.1701?-1757) 31
Anthony the Great of Egypt (c.251-356)
anti-Bolshevik propaganda
Antichrist : the Antichrist, kingdom of Antichrist
Anti-Fascist Committee (AFC)
Antin Anhelovych (1756-1814), bishop of Przemysl
Antipa. Secular name Alexander Lukian (1816-1882)
antipatriarchal True Orthodox Christians
antiphons of degrees or ascents (antifony stepenny)
antireligious campaign: Khrushchev antireligious campaign; antireligious propaganda.
Antireligioznik (The Antireligionist)
Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public
(Antizionisticheskii komitet sovetskogo obshchestva)
Anton I (1721-1788), catholicos of Georgian Orthodox church, 1744-1755 and 1762-1788
Anton II (1764?-1827) catholicos of Georgian Orthodox church, 1788-1811
Antonin Granovksy (1865-1927)
Antony Klimov, d. 1876)
Antony Khrapovitsky (1863-1936)
Antony of Polotsk (r. 1568-1572), archbishop
Antony of the Caves (983?-1073?)
Antony Pelvetsky (d. 1957)
Antony Platkovsky (d. 1746)
Antony the Roman, Saint (d. 1147)
Antony Stakhovsky of Chernigov (d. 1740)
Antony Vadkovsky (1846-1912), (r. 1898-1912)
apocryphal Protoevangelium of James (c.150 a.d.)
Apollinarius (c.310-392)
Apollon Maikov (1821-1897)
apostle, the apostles, the twelve apostles;
but, the Apostle Andrew, and the church of the Twelve Apostles; church of the Holy Apostles in Salonika
Apostle Peter, the
Apostol: the Apostle (Apostol)
Apostolic Canons
Appearance (Znamenie) of the Virgin, cathedral of the
Apraksin,Stepan Fedorovich (1702-1758)
Arakcheev Cadet School in Nizhny Novgorod, the
Arakcheevshchina: "the dark era of Arakcheev"
Archangel Gabriel; Archangel Michael, cathedral of Archangel Michael
archbishop's household (arkhiereiskii dom)
archbishop: archbishop of Stanislav and Kolomyia; archbishop of Tobolsk
archpriest (protoierei)
Arethas of Najran (d. 523)
Argumenty i Fakty: (Arguments and Facts), no italics for periodical
Arkady Dorofeev (d. 1889), Belokrinitsa bishop
Arkady Shaposhnikov ( d. 1868)
Arkhangelsk; Arkhangelsk and Kholmogory: bishop of Arkhangelsk and Kholmogory
arkhiereiskii dom: archbishop's household
army: the Volunteer Army; White armies; the Red Army; the Soviet Army
Arseniev, Konstantin I. (1789-1865)
Arseniev, Konstantin K. (1837-1919).
Arsenius the Great (354-449).
Arseny (1797-1876), metropolitan of Kiev
Arseny Briantsev (1839-1914)
Arseny Matseevich (1696-1772)
Arseny Moskvin (1797-1876)
Arseny Stadnitsky (1862-1936) of Novgorod
Arseny the Deaf (Glukhoi, d. 1643),
Artavazd : the legendary King Artavazd
ascetic (podvizhnik)
assembly of the land (zemskii sobor)
Associations, law Concerning Religious, of 8 April 1929
AtatŸrk , Mustafa Kemal (1881-1938)
Atel, Victor (1890-1941)
Athanasius the Athonite (c.920-1003)
audio-visual equipment
Autocephalous Orthodox church of Poland
Avenarius, Richard (1843-1896)
Avgustin Peterson (1873-1957)
Avramov, Mikhail Petrovich (1670-1746)
Avvakum (1621-1682)
Axelrod, Pavel (1850-1928)
Azerbaijani Turks, Azerbaijanis, Azerbaijan SSR

b. = born
Bachynsky, Andrii (1732-1809),bishop of Mukachiv
Badmaev, Peter A. (1851-1919)
Bagrationi, John (1768-1830)
bakalavr: docent, adjunct, instructor, assistant
Bakunin, Mikhail (1814-1876)
Balaban, Gedeon (1530-1607)
Balasescu, Isaia , bishop in Bukovina (1823-1834)
Balikhin, Feodor P. (1854-1919)
Balfour Declaration
Balkans, the
Balsamon, Theodore (1105-1195)
band of hollow brickwork (porebrik)
Baptists: Union of Russian Baptists; Baptist Union of Germany
Baptist World Alliance
Barbara (Varvarskie) gates,the Saint
barmy: the mantle (barmy) worn by the Muscovite rulers on the day of their coronation.
Bartsh, Johann (1757-1821)
Barsanuphius, monastery of Saint (Varsonofievskii, closed 1764 )
Barudi, Alimjan (1857-1921)
Basil II (r. 976-1025)
Basil the Great (329-379), of Caesarea
Basil the Holy Fool (d. 1552)
Basmachi: movement for the national liberation ofáTurkistan (Basmachi)
Basmanov, Ivan Fedorovich (d. 1603)
Bathory, Stefan (1533-1586)
battle of Borodino (26 August 1812), the;
Batu Khan (d. 1255)
Baturin, Nikolai Georgievich (1927-1988)
Bauer, Bruno (1809-1882)
Besht, pseudonym of Israel ben Eliezer (c.1700-1760)
Beatitudes, the
beginning of the new year, called Amanor or Navasart.
beglye popy: fugitive priests
begunets: runner, fugitive
beguny: Fugitives
Beheading of John the Baptist at Diakovo, church of the
Beijing, Russian ecclesiastical mission in Beijing
Beilis, Mendel (1874-1934)
Bekbulatovich, Simeon (1545?-1616 )
Belaia Krinitsa community, the
Belgrade (Yugoslavia)
Belgorod, bishop of Belgorod
Belobereg hermitage (pustyn)
Belokrinitsa (or Austrian) hierarchy
Belousov, Sergei Vasilevich (1882-1925)
Belsky, Bogdan (d. 1611)
Bely, Andrei (1880-1934)
Bendella, Teofil , metropolitan of Bukovina (Bendelia, 1873-1875)
Benjamin Aga ben Samuel (d. 1824),
Benois, Alexander (1870-1960)
Berdiaev, Nicholas (1874-1948)
Berezovsky, Maxim Sozontovich (1745-1777)
Bergelson, David (1884-1952)
Beria, Lavrenty P. (1899-1953)
Bering, Vitus (1681-1741)
Berlioz, Hector (1803-1869)
Berthold (d. 1198), bishop
bet ha-midrash, Jewish prayer and study house; the bet ha-midrash (seminary)
betrothal (obruchenie)
Beveridge,William, Bishop of Saint Asaph (1637-1708),
Bezbozhnik (The Atheist)
Bezbozhnik u stanka (The Atheist at the Workbench)
bezpopovtsy: priestless (bezpopovtsy) Old Believers; "bezpopovtsy" may be used in text
Bible of Prague, 1488
Bichurin, Nikita (1777-1853), monk Yakinf
Bigi, Musa Jarullah (1875-1949)
Biliansky, Peter (1736-1798)
Birobidzhan.Jewish Autonomous Region (Evreiskaia avtonomnaia oblast')
Birobidzhan State Theater
Biron, Ernst (in German, BŸhren) (1690-1772)
Bironovshchina: German Yoke
bishops' council (arkhierskii sobor)
bishop's pallium (omofor)
bishop: bishop of Arkhangelsk and Kholmogory; bishop of Belgorod; bishop of Chigirin;
Bismarck, Otto von (1815-1898)
Blachernae. Virgin of Blachernae (Blacherniotissa)
Black Hundreds
Black Lake (Chernoe ozero)
Black Sea
black and white illustration
black years for Soviet Jews (1948-1953)
blagochestivyi: pious:
blagochinnyi: dean
Blagoveshchenie ustiuzhskoe: Ustiug Annunciation
Blanc, Louis (1811-1882)
Blazhevych, Teoktyst, metropolitan of Bukovina (1877-1879)
Blessed Virgin Mary
Blok, Alexander (1880-1921)
Blokhin, Andrei Ivanov (1742-?)
Bloody Sunday (9 January 1905)
boards, Muslim ecclesiastical (dukhovnye upravleniia musul'man):
Ufa, the European part of USSR and Siberia (Sunnite, Hanafi rite); Tashkent, Uzbek, Kirghiz, Turkmen, Tajik and Kazakh SSRs (Sunnite, Hanafi rite); Makhchkala for Daghestan (Sunnite, Shafei rite); and Baku for Sunnite and Shiite Muslims of Transcaucasia.
Bobrinsky, Count Alexis Pavlovich (1826-1890)
bogatyr, translate epic here (bogatyr')
Bogdanov, Alexander Alexandrovich (Alexander Alexandrovich Malinovsky), 1873-1928
bogoiavlenskii . Epiphany
Bogoliubov, Dmitry (1869-1953)
bogoliubtsy. 'God-lovers"
Boiarsky, Alexander I. (1888-1946)
Boldyrev, A.V. (1780-1842)
Boleslaus (c.966-1025)
Bolshevik coup in Petrograd, the
Boltin, Ivan (dates unknown), first procurator general of the Holy Synod
Bonch-Bruevich, Vladimir Dmitrievich (1873-1955)
Bondar, Semen Dmitrievich (fl. 1910-1916)
Bondarenko, Ivan Ivanovich (d. 1948?)
bonnet-shaped ogees (kokoshniks)
Book About the Faith
Book of Cyril (Kirillovskaia kniga, 1644)
Book of Degrees (Stepennaia kniga); Book of Degrees
of the Imperial Genealogy (Stepennaia kniga tsarskogo rodosloviia)
Book of Profound Wisdom or Book of the Dove (Golubinaia kniga)
Book of the Kahal (Kniga kagala)
book-keeper (bukhgalter)
Boris and Gleb (d. 1015)
Boris Godunov (r. 1598-1605)
Bortniansky, Dmitry Stepanovich (1751-1825)
Bosmanov, Ivan Fedorovich (d. 1603)
boiarin noble, nobleman; spelled "boyar" if the word is used in text
boiarskie deti: minor nobility
Brafman, Jacob (c.1825-1879)
Bratskoe slovo (Fraternal Word)
Bratsky vestnik (Fraternal Herald)
Braun, Jacob (1791-1868)
Brest, council of (1596); Union of Brest (1596)
Brethren of the Sword (Fratres Militiae Christi), the
Brezhnev, Leonid (1906-1982)
Bright Monday, the day after Easter
British and Foreign Bible Society
Briusov, Valery (1873-1924)
Bronfman, Edgar (b. 1929)
brotherhood of the Holy Cross
Bruno Bauer (1809-1882)
Bubi, Abdullah (1871-1922)
Budberg, Andrei F. (1820-1881)
Buddeus, Johann (1667-1729)
Budkiewicz, Constantine (1867-1923)
Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich (1888-1938)
bukhgalter. book-keeper
Bulatovich, Alexander Ksaverievich (1870-1919)
Bulavin revolt in 1707-1708
Bulgakov, Afanasy Ivanovich (1859-1907)
Bulgakov, Mikhail Afanasievich (1891-1940)
Bulgakov, Sergius Nikolaevich (1871-1944)
Bulhak, Josephat (1758-1838)
Bumilev, Nikolai (1886-1921)
Buturlin, Alexander Borisovich ( 1694-1767)
Butyrka prison hospital, the
byliny: heroic epics, if used in text, do not italicize
Byzantine emperors:
Leo III (r. 717-741), Constantine V (r. 741-775), Leo IV (r. 775-780), Constantine VI (r. 780-797), Leo V (r. 813-820), Michael II (r. 820-829), Theophilus.(r. 829-842)

Cadet Infantry Corps school
Calif.: California
candidate (kandidat), candidate's degree
Carthage, council of (401)
Cathedral Square
cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Kiev; cathedral of the Dormition
Catherine I (1684-1727,(r. 1725-1727)
Catherine II (1729-1796, r. 1762-1796)
Catherine of Siena (1347-1380)
Catholic College: the Roman Catholic College in St. Petersburg.
Catholic-dominated region
catholicos, Armenian:
Khoren (r. 1932-1937), Kevork (r. 1945-1954), Vazgen (r. 1955- )
catholicos-patriarch, the Georgian Orthodox church:
Kirion III (r. 1917-1918). (1918-1921), Ambrose (1921-1927), Khristofor III (1927-1932) Kallistrat (1932-1952), Melkhisedek III (r. 1952-1960), Efrem II (1960-1972), David V (1972-1977), Ilya II (elected 1977)
Caucasus, the
cave monastery of Kiev
Caves Patericon : the Kievan Caves Patericon
caves: the Near Caves or the caves of Saint Antony
cellarer (storehouse manager)
Central Asia
central committee of the CPSU, (not capitalized)
Chagall, Marc, (1887-1985)
Charlemagne (742?-814)
Charter of the Nobility (1785)
Chebyshev, Peter Petrovich, procurator general, 1768-1774
Chechen-Ingush ASSR
Cheka (political police)
Cherkassky, Prince Alexis Mikhailovich (1680-1742)
Cherniaev, General Mikhail G.(1828-1898)
Chertkov, Vladimir G. (1854-1936)
"Cherubim Song" (Kheruvimskaia pesn')
Chicherin, Georgi (1872-1936)
Chigirin: bishop of Chigirin
children: refer to them by the family name, not Christian name.
Chodkiewicz, Jan
Chortitsa, use Khortitsa
chosen thousand (izbranaia tysiacha)
Christ Enthroned
Christ-faith (khristovshchina)
Christian Brotherhood of the Struggle
Christian Church, the
chronicle, the: the Russian Primary Chronicle (not italicized)
Chrysostom, Saint John(344-407)
Chrysoberges, Luke (r. 1156-1169); patriarch of Constantinople
chtets: reader
Chudov: monastery of the Miracle (Chudov),
Church Censorship Administration (Dukhovnoe tsenzurnoe upravlenie)
Church Slavonic
church council (sobor); church council of 1666-1667
church-sponsored antisemitism
church-state relationship
Church: capitalized:
Ancient Apostolic Church; Ancient Church of the East; Church of Regeneration; Christian Church; Church Universal; Orthodox Church Abroad; Orthodox Church of America
church: not-capitalized:
Russian Orthodox church; church of Christ the Savior ; church of the Holy Sepulcher; church of the Intercession (Pokrov); church of the Presentation; church of Saint Andrew in Kiev
Churikov, 'Brother" Ivan (Ioann) A. (1862-1930)
Chwolson, Daniel (1819-1911)
Cicero (d. 43 b.c.)
Cieplak, Jan (1857-1926) auxiliary bishop
Cilicia, Armenian kingdom of (1080-1375)
city assembly (veche)
Ciupercovici, Arcadie, metropolitan of Bukovina, 1896-1902
civil councils (zemstvos)
civil war (1917-1921)
Clement XI (r. 1700-1721)
Clement XIV (r. 1769-1774)
Clement of Alexandria (c.155-c.220)
clergy: white: (secular, parish);
ordained (sviashchennosluzhitel'):, deacon (diakon), priest (ierei, sviashchennik), archpriest, (protoierei); unordained: sexton, sacristan (diachok, ponomar, tserkovnsluzhitel', prichetnik), reader (chtets) and cantor (psalmoshchik); black: (monastic); ordained: monastic priest, hieromonk, ieromonakh, monastic deacon, hierodeacon, ierodeakon)
clerics (mullahs), Muslim
col. ; cols.: = column(s)
cold war
College of Foreign Affairs
Colonel General
commander in chief
Commissariat for Education
Commissariat of Justice
Commission for Ecclesiastical Schools (Komissiia dukhovnykh uchilishch)
Commission for the Scholarly Publication of the Slavonic Bible (1915-1927)
Commission on Church Schools.
Committee for Aid to the Starving (Pomgol)
Committee for Review of the Jewish Question
Committee for the Defense of the Rights of Muslim Turko-Tatar Peoples of Russia
Committee of Ministers (komitet ministrov)
Common Menaion (Obshchaia meneiia)
common life (coenobium), the
Communist Youth League (komsomol)
communist (as general adjective)
Communists (when referring to the party and party members); local Communists
Concerning Religious Associations, law, of 8 April 1929
Confederation of Livonia
Confederation of Warsaw (1573)
Congregation of the Most Holy Trinity
Congregation of the Protection of the Most Holy Mother of God
Congress of Berlin (1878)
Congress of Vienna
Consecrated Ecclesiastical Council (dukhovnyi osviashchennyi sobor)
consistory: administrative staff (consistory) of the archbishop
Constantine, use Konstantin for all Muscovite and later Russian figures, except for Constantine Pavlovich and Constantine Nikolaevich.
Constantine (c. 274-337; r. 312-337)
Constantine Nikolaevich, Grand Duke (1827-1892)
Constantine V (r. 741-775), Constantine VI (r. 780-797), Constantine (c.960-1028)
Constantine Constantinovich of Ostrih (Ostrozhsky, 1526-1608).
Constantine Ivanovich of Ostrih (Ostrozhsky, c.1460-1530)
Constantine Porphyrogenitus (r. 908-959)
constituent assembly (5/18 January 1918)
Constitutional Democratic party (Kadet)
convent: convent of the Dormition. ; convent of the Presentation (sretenie)
Coolidge, Calvin (1923-1929)
Copernicus, Nicholas (1473-1543)
cossack: a (the) cossack; the Don Cossacks, the Ural Cossacks; Zaporozhe Cossacks
Cotlarciuk, Nectarie, metropolitan of Bukovina (1925-1935)
Council for Religious Affairs (CRA)
Council for Religious Cults
Council for Russian Orthodox Church Affairs (CROCA).
Council of Churches of Evangelical Christians-Baptists (CCECB)
Council of Lyons, second (1724)
Council of Ministers
Council of People's Commissars (Sovet narodnykh kommissarov, SNK)
council (sobor)
council of the Hundred Chapters (Stoglav)
Counterreformation; the Catholic Counterreformation
CrŽmieux, Adolphe (1796-1880)
Crimean khan
Crimea, annexation of the (1783)
Crimean War (1853-1856)
cross-shaped comet
crowning (venchanie)
cube-shaped church
Cyprian , use Kiprian
Cyril, metropolitan of Kiev (r. 1243-1280)
Cyril Book=Book of Cyril (Kirillovaia kniga)
Cyril Florinsky (d. 1744)
Cyril Lucaris (1572-1638)
Cyril monastery of the White Lake (Belozersk)
Cyril of Alexandria (d. 444)
Cyril of Jerusalem (315-386)
Cyril of Kazan, Metropolitan (d. 1944)
Cyril, Metropolitan (r. 1243-1280)
Cyril, Saint (826-869)
Czartorysky, Adam (1770-1861)

d'iachok: sexton
Daghestan, Daghestanis,Daghestan ASSR
Daniel Bitiukovsky (1763-1811)
Daniel Cherny (1360?-1430?)
Daniel Mirdamsky (r. 1806-1813),
Daniel of Bessarabia
Daniel of Moscow and all-Russia (1492-1547)
Daniel, not Daniil; monasteryof Saint Daniel (Danilov monastyr')
dar-ul-Islam (the lands of Islam)
Datsko, Pavel Iakovlevich (1884-1941)
David (d. 1321)
David IV the Builder (1089-1125)
day, saint's: do not capitalize 'day;"
Saint Nicholas' day (9 May); Saint Peter's day (29 June); Saint George's day (26 November)
de jure
de Maistre, Joseph
de Rouvroy, Louis (1675-1755)
Deacon Fyodor (d. 1682)
Deacon's Responses (Diakonovy otvety, 1719)
dean (blagochinnyi); dean (nastoiatel)
Decembrist uprising, 14 December 1825
deesis. prayer tier (or row)
de facto
degree: candidate in Theological Sciences; master's (magister)
deification (Russian, obozhenie; Greek, theosis or theopoesis)
Deliakov, Yakov D. (1829-1898)
Demetre I (1125 -1256), Georgian king
Demetrius: Saint Demetrius monastery
Demetry of Soluna (Dmitry Solunsky)
Democratic Reform, party of: liberal party begun by K.K. Arseniev, inter alia
Denikin, General Anton I. (1872-1947)
Denisov, Andrei (1672-1730) and Semen (1682-1741)
Department of Religious Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (tsarist)
Der Nister (1848-1950)
Derevensky bezbozhnik (The Village Atheist)
Derzhavvin, Gavrila Romanovich (1743-1816)
Descent of the Virgin into Hell, (Khozhdenie Bogoroditsy po mukam)
dessiatine = 2.7 acres
d'Herbigny, Bishop Michel (1880-1957)
diak: state secretary
Diaspora, the (when referring to Jews)
Dibich-Zabalkansky, Ivan Ivanovich (1785-1831)
Diderot (1713-1784)
died: d. (d. 1320)
diocese of Leningrad and Novgorod; diocese of Nizhny Novgorod ; diocese of Tula and Belev; diocese of Voronezh and Zadonsk
Diocletian (r. 284-305)
Dionisy (r. 1581-1586), metropolitan of Moscow
Dionisy (1570?-1633)
Dionisy of Suzdal (r. 1374-1385)
Dionisy Zbyruisky (Sbiruisky, d. 1604)
Dionisy (dates unknown)
Dionysus of Alexandria (d. c.264)
Dionysios of Constantinople
Dionysius the Less (Exiguus)
Disraeli, Benjamin (1804-1881)
district (raion )
district committees (raikom)
Ditton, Humphry (1675-1715)
Div of the Lay of Igor's Campaign,
Divine Wisdom (Hagia Sophia)
divinely-inspired leader
Dmitry Ivanovich (1581-1591), canonized, 1606
Dmitry, False, first (1582-1606) (r. 1605-1606)
Dmitry Donskoy (1350-1389, r. 1359-1389)
Dmitry Muretov (1811-1883), archbishop of Kherson
Dmitry of Prilutsk
Dmitry of Rostov (1651-1709)
Dmitry of Tushino, false
Dmitry Sechenov (1709-1767)
Dmitry Solunsky (Demetry of Soluna)
Dmitry Sulima (d. 1844) abp. of Kishinev
Dmitry Tuptalo (d. 1709)
Dnieper river
Dniester river
Dobrynin, Nikita (Pustosviat, d. 1682); Nikita the Hypocrite (Pustosviat)
docent: instructor
doctor of Theological Sciences
Dolgoruky, Princess Elena Vladimirovna (b. 1632)
Domenti III (r. 1705-1725, 1739-1741)
domestic churches (domovye tserkvi)
Dominican (1216)
Don Cossack region
Don monastery
Dondukov-Korsakov, Prince A.N. (1820-1890)
Dormition brotherhood of Lviv (1586-1788)
Dormition, cathedral of the
Dormition monastery in Pozhaitsk
Dosifei Glebov, archbishop of Rostov (d. 1718)
Dositheus, patriarch of Jerusalem (1663-1707)
Dostoevsky, Fedor (1821-1881)
Dov Baer of Mezhirech (d. 1772)
Dragunsky, David (b. 1910)
Dresden bible c. 1380
dual Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, 1817-1824
dukhovnik. spiritual father
dukhovnye upravleniia musul'man: Muslim ecclesiastical boards
dukhovnye stikhi: religious verses
dukhovnyi osviashchennyi sobor: Consecrated Ecclesiastical Council
dukhovnyi: in proper names, usually "ecclesiastical";
dukhovnaia akademiia: ecclesiastical academy; Dukhovnyi reglamen: Ecclesiastical Regulation
Duma: the Duma, the Third Duma (1907-1912)
dvoeverie: dual faith
dvorianstvo. nobles
dvuperstnoe znamenie: two-finger sign of the cross

East, the; the Orthodox East, the modern Muslim East; the Greek East
East Germany
Easter Sunday
Easter Week
eastern church, the
eastern Europe, eastern Russia
Eastern Old Ritualist Church without Ecclesiastical Hierarchy (Riga)
Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Question, the
Eastern Rite Catholic (Uniate); but Eastern rite (when not naming religion or believers)
Ecclesiastical College
Ecclesiastical Conciliar Government (Dukhovnoe sobornoe pravitel'stvo)
ecclesiastical mission, in Beijing
Ecclesiastical Regulation the (1721)
ecclesiastical board of Transcaucasia
Economy College (Kollegiia ekonomii)
ecumenical : first ecumenical council of Nicea (325);
II. Constantinople (381); III. Ephesus (431); IV. Chalcedon (451); V. Constantinople II (553); VI (Constantinople III, 680-681); VII (Nicaea II, 787); also the Quinisextum council at Constantinople (692); (Constantinople, 869-870)
ed.; eds.: editor(s)
edinoglasie: "single-voicedness"
edinoverie . "single faith"
Efes Damim (1883)
Efim (d. 1792), founder of Old Believers sect of Fugitives, Wanderers
Efimovskaia, Countess E.V., 1850-1925
Efrem (Russian)
Ehrenburg, Ilya (1891-1967)
Eichmann, Adolph (1906-1962)
Eideman, Robert (1895-1937)
Eikhenbaum, Boris (1886-1959)
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
Eisenstein, Sergei (1898-1948)
Ekaterinoslav, diocese of (originally called Slaviansk diocese)
ekonom: steward
elder (starets)
eldership (starchestvo)
Elevation of the Cross, cathedral of the
eleventh-century Rus
Elevfery of Vilnius, Bishop
Eliezer, Israel ben (c. 1700-1760)
Elisavetgrad, Kherson province
Elisei Pletenetsky (d. 1624), archimandrite of Kievan caves monastery, 1605-1624
Elizabeth Petrovna (r. 1741-1762), empress
emir: Muslim governor (emir)
Endeka, Archpriest Alexander Pavlovich (executed in 1929)
enkolpion: pectoral icon
Enlightener (Prosvetitel'), the, by Joseph Sanin
Enlightenment: the Enlightenment
en masse (no ital.)
Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem
Ephraim the Syrian (d. 373)
Ephrem the Less (d. c.1100)
epic hero (bogatyr')
Epifany Slavinetsky (d. 1675)
Epifany the Wise (d. 1419?)
epistles, the (not capitalized when referring generally to parts of the NT)
epitrakhil': stole, bishop's stole
Erakle II (1720-1798)
Eretz Israel (the land of Israel)
Erevan: use Yerevan
Eristov, Varlam (d. 1830)
Erlich, Henryk (1821-1941)
Ermolov, Alexis (1777-1861)
Esenin, Sergei (1895-1925)
eternal memory (vechnaia pamiat')
Eucharist, the
Eudoxia (d.152); saint
Eusebius (c.265-c.339)
Eustratius of Nicaea (c.1100)
Euthymius of Mount Athos (d. 1028)
Euthymius, patriarch of Const (1410-1416)
Eutropius (d.c.399)
Evangelical Christians-Baptists
Evangelical: Union of Evangelical Christians
Evangelical Union, Swiss-based
Evdokiia Feodorovna Lopukhin (1669-1731);
Evdokim Meshchersky (1869-1935)
Evfimy (d. 1792)
Evfimy of Novgorod, Archbishop (r. 1434-1458)
Evfimy Viazhitsky (r. 1434-1458)
Evfimy-Savior monastery (Spaso-Evfimiev), Suzdal, (Saint)
Evlavia, catholicos (r. 552-560)
Evlogy Georgievsky (1868-1946), metropolitan
Evrei (Jew)
Eynikeyt (Unity), Yiddish periodical

fairy tale
faith : Book About the Faith
Faizabad, district of
Fakhreddin, Rizaeddin (1855 or 1858-1936)
Fall, the: in Eden
Far Caves (sometimes called the Feodosy Caves)
Far East: Soviet Far East, the Far East
far-reaching, far-reaching effect
Fath Ali Akjundzade (1812-1878)
Fatima (c.605-633)
feast-day tier
feast: feast of Epiphany ;
feast of the Baptism of the Lord ; feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin; feast of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Mother of God
Fedor Alexeevich (r. 1676-1682)
Fedor Ivanovich (1557-1598, r. 1584-1598)
Fedor Nikitich Romanov (1553?-1633)
Fedor Rostislavich ("the Black," d. 1299)
Fedorov, Ivan Fedorovich (d. 1583)
Fedorov, Leonid (1879-1935)
Fedosians (fedoseevtsy)
Fefer, Itzik (1900-1952)
Feldman, Boris (1890-1937)
Feodosy (c.1470-early 1500s)
Feodosy of the Caves (c.1036-1074)
Feodosy (d. 1156), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1142-1156
Feodosy Vasiliev (d. 1711)
Feodosy Yanovsky of Novgorod (r. 1721-1725) (d. 1726)
Feofan Prokopovich (1681-1736).
Feofil Pashkovsky (b. 1874), metropolitan
Feofilakt Lopatinsky (d. 1741), archbishop
Feofilakt Rusanov (1765-1821)
Feoktist (d. 1120), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, before 1108?-1112
Ferdinand (r. 1835-1848); Emperor
Fetler, William (1883-1957)
Feuerbach, Ludwig (1804-1872)
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (1762-1814)
Filaret (1553?-1633, r. 1619-1633)
Filaret Amfiteatrov (1779-1857, archbishop of Kaluga (r. 1819-1825)
Filaret Drozdov (1782-1867), metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1821-1867)
Filaret Gumilevsky (1805-1866)
Filaret of Kiev (b. 1929)
Filaret of Minsk (b. 1935)
Filaret of Smolensk and Dorogobuzh (r. 1658-1671)
filioque: western filioque in the creed
Filipp (1507-1569), metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1566-1568)
Filipp, metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1464-1473)
Filippovites (filippovtsy)
Filofei of Pskov (d. 1542)
Filofei Polev (d. 1561)
Filofei Leshchinsky (1650-1727)
first Five Year Plan
Fishman, Yakov (d. 4 June 1983)
Five Year Plan, the first Five Year Plan (1928-1932)
Flagellants (Khlysty)
Flor, Saint , monastery of (Florovskii monastyr')
Florence, council of (1438-1439)
Florensky, Pavel Alexandrovich (1882-1943?)
Florinsky, Cyril (d. 1744)
follow-up (adj.)
fool for the sake of Christ (iurodivyi Khrista radi)
foot = .3 meter
forbidden books (otrechennyia knigi)
Forpost (1936-1938)
Foty (d. 1431)
Foty Spassky (1792-1838), archimandrite.
Foty Tappiro (1884-1952), bishop
Foty the Greek (r. 1409-1410)
Foty, metropolitan of Kiev (d. 1431),
four-footed beasts
four-pointed cross
Fourier,Charles (1772-1837)
fourth-year student
fractions: not hyphenated, one fourth, one third, one half, two thirds
Francis I (1494-1547) of France
Francis I (1768-1835) of Austrian empire (he was Francis II as Holy Roman emperor)
Frank, Semen L. (1877-1950)
Frederick II (1194-1250; r. 1212-1250) emperor
Frederick II (r. 1740-1786), king of Prussia
freethinkers ,freethinking
Free Russian Orthodox Church (Svobodnaia Rossisskaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov')
Friedrich-Wilhelm of Courland (d. 1711), duke
Fugitives, or "Wanderers" (beguny, stranniki)
Fumasoni-Biondi, Mgr. Pietro (r. 1922-1933)
Fundamentals of Scientific Atheism (Osnovy nauchnogo ateizma)

Gabriel of Kiev, (1770-1783)
Gabriel Petrov, metropolitan of Novgorod and St. Petersburg (1730-1801)
Gafuri, Majit (1880-1934)
Gagarin, Ivan Sergeevich (1814-1882)
Galich: metropolis of Halych (established 1303)
Galich lake
Galuppi, Baldassare (1706-1785)
Gapon: Father Georgy Gapon (1870-1906)
Gasparri , Cardinal Pietro (1914-1930)
Gaspirali, Ismail Bey (1851-1914)(Gasprinsky)
Gavriil, use Gabriel
Gatchina estate
Gedeon, metropolitan of Kiev (d. 1690)
Gedeon Balaban (1530-1607)
Gedeon Krinovsky (d. 23 June 1763)
Gedimin, Prince (1315-1341)
Gelasius I, Pope (r. 492-496)
Genghis Khan (1167?-1227)
Gennady (d. 1506); metropolitan
George XII (1746-1800)
east Georgia kingdoms=Kartli and Kakheti; west Georgia=Imereti; Kutatis=capital of Imereti; Telavi=capital of Kakheti; Mtskheta=ancient capital of Kartli; Tiflis (now Tbilisi)=capital of Kartli and united Georgia
Georgian Orthodox church
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, the
Georgievsk: treaty of Georgievsk (1783)
Georgy Dashkov of Rostov (d. 1739)
Georgy Vsevolodovich (1189-1238)
Gerasim Lenkov (d. 1559)
German Enlightenment the
German Yoke or "Bironovshchina"
Germogen, patriarch (r. 1606-1612)
German, monk (1756-1837)
German Kontsevich (d. 1735)
Germogen, patriarch (r. 1606-1611)
Geronty, Metropolitan (r. 1473-1489)
Gershenzon, Mikhail (1869-1925)
getman: may be translated "commander" or used as part of title: Hetman Mazepa
Gevorg IV, Armenian catholicos, 1866-1882
Giray, Haji Khan (d. 1466)
glasnost: policy of openness (glasnost)
Glebov, Alexander (1717-1790)
God-bearer (Bogonosets)
Godunov,Boris (1551-1605); tsar (r. 1598-1605)
Gogol, Nikolai (1809-1852)
going to the people: populist "going to the people" movement
Golda Meyerson (later Meir, 1898-1978)
Golden Gate
Golden Horde, the
Goliaev, Ilia A. (1859-1942)
Golitsyn, Alexander N. (1773-1844), (procurator general, 1803-1817)
Golovin , Fedor (1650-1706)
Golubinaia kniga: Book of Profound Wisdom or Book of the Dove
Golubinsky, Evgeny Evstigneevich (1834-1912)
Golubkina , Anna (1864-1927)
Good Friday
Gorbachev, Mikhail (b. 1931)
Gorky, Maxim (1868-1936)
gospel : the Gospel
(evangelie, capitalized when referring to an edition of the NT or part of liturgy or Christian doctrine); the gospels (not capitalized when referring generally to the first four books of NT); the gospel of Saint Matthew
Gospel, altar
Gottlober, Abraham Baer (1810-1899)
Governing Senate
governor general
governors general or viceroys (namestniki)
grass roots
grease-stained piece
Great Lent
Great Litany, the
Great Menaion (Velikie cheti-minei), the;
Great Menology (Liturgical Handbook) of Metropolitan Makary (1552)
Great Northern War,the
Great Panagia Virgin
Great Patriotic War
Great Saturday
Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Great Vespers
Greek war of independence (1821-1830)
Gregory IX, pope (r. 1227-1241)
Gregory of Nazianzus (c.330-c.390)
Gregory of Nyssa (330-c.395)
Gregory Palamas (c.1296-1359)
Gregory the Great (540-604)
Gregory (Grigor) the Illuminator (c.240-332)
Gregory the Theologian of the ninth century
Grigory Chukov (1870-1955), metropolitan
Grigory Zakaliak (d. 1984), archbishop
Gromyko, Andrei (1909-1989)
Grotius, Hugh (1583-1645)
Group of Thirty-two
Gruzenberg, Oscar Osipovich (1866-1940)
Gubeydulla, (Ubeydulla, b. 1865)
Gudziszki : Polish Old Believer council of Gudziszki in 1751
Gulistan, treaty of (1813)
Gulak, Nikolai Ivanovich (1822-1899)
Gumilev, Nikolai (1886-1921)
Gumilevsky, Alexander (1830-1869), priest
Gury of Kazan
Gury, Saint (d. 1561)

Hackmann, Eugen, bishop of Bukovina (1835-1873)
hadith (sayings and customs of Muhammed)
Hagia Sophia, Divine Wisdom
Haji Giray (d. 1466)
hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca), no italics
hakham (Hebrew, sage)
halakhah (law)
half brother
half sister
Halych , metropolis of (established 1303)
handbook for icon painters (Ikonopisnyi podlinnik)
Harpe, Cesar la (1754?-1838)
Hartwig, archbishop of Bremen (served 1185-1207)
haskalah: the (Jewish) enlightenment era (haskalah) in Russia
Hasan (624-680)
hasidism, hasidic Jews
Hayyim ben Joseph Vital (1542-1620)
Heavenly Queen
Hegel , Georg W. F. (1770-1831),
Hegesippus of Rome (second century)
hegumen (igumen)
Helena (c. 248-c. 327)
Herbest, Benedict (1530-1593)
Herescu, Dositei bishop of Radauti (1750-1789)
hermitage, skete (skit)
heroic epics (byliny)
Herzen, Alexander (1812-1870)
Herzl, Theodor (1860-1904)
Hesychius (d. 311?)
hierodeacon (ierodiakon) a monk who is a deacon
hieromonk (ieromonakh) a monk who is a priest; monastic priest, monk-priest
high-sounding principles
high-water mark
Higher Church Administration (Vysshee tserkovnoe upravlenie)
Higher Church Council (Vysshii tserkovnyi sovet)
highest-ranking hierarchs
Hilarion (r. 1051-1054)
Hilarion Negrebetsky (d. 1740), abbot of Kievan caves, 1737-1740
Hippius, Zinaida (1869-1945)
Hippolytus (170-235)
Historical Museum (Moscow)
History of Religion and Atheism, museum of the
Hodigitria, the pointing Virgin
Holy City, the
Holy Communion
Holy Cross, brotherhood of the; monastery of the Holy Cross
Holy Host (Sviashchennaia druzhina)
Holy Land, the
Holy Martyr
Holy Mountain (Athos), the
Holy of Holies, the
Holy Scriptures
Holy Spirit
Holy Synod (Sviateishii sinod); Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox church
Holy Week
Holy Wisdom, cathedral of, in Kiev, Constantinople
holy fool: "fool for the sake of Christ" (iurodivyi Khrista radi)
Horde: the Tatar Horde
Hugh of Lincoln (1246-1255)
Husayn (626-680)

Iasi: see jassy
Iason: thus because the first letter is "I" not "ya"
ibid. not italicized
Ibragimov, Abdurresid (1853?-1944)
Ibrahim(0v), Vel, (d. 1928)
icon of the Blessed Lady of Vladimir, the; the icon of the Mother of God of Kherson
icon painter, icon painting
i.e., followed by comma (i.e., xxxxx)
ieromonakh: monastic priest, monk-priest
Iese (r. 1714-1716, 1724-1727), Georgia
Ignatiev, Nikolai Pavlovich (1832-1908)
Ignatius the God-bearer (Bogonosets, d. 110?)
Ignaty, patriarch (r. 1605-1606)
Ignaty Brianchaninov (1807-1867), bishop
Ignaty of Kolomna (d. 1741)
Ignaty of Solovki
Ignaty Rimsky-Korsakov (d. 1701), metropolitan of Tobolsk
Ignaty Smola (d. 1741)
igumen: hegumen
Ikonopisnyi podlinnik . handbook for icon painters,
Ilarion, use Hilarion for metropolitan of Kiev
Ilarion Lezhaisky (d. 1719), archimandrite
Ilia (for Il'ia)
ill-fated project
ill. = illustration (ills.)
Illiamna, lake
Ilminsky, Nikolai I. (1821-1891)
imam, specialist in Muslim law
Imereti: western Georgia
Imperial Geographic Society
Imperial Philanthropic Society
Imperial Society of Russian History and Antiquities
in camera
Incarnation, the
Initsiativniki (from initsiativnaia gruppa or "action group")
Innocent III, pope (r. 1198-1216)
Innokenty Gizel (d. 1684), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1656-1684
Innokenty Kulchitsky (c.1680-1731), Bishop
Innokenty Selnokrinov, Archbishop (r. 1832-1840)
Innokenty, Metropolitan (r. 1868-1879), Ivan Veniaminov (1797-1879)
Inonu, Ismet (1884-1973)
inorodtsy: non-Russians in empire, non-natives
inspektor. superintendent
Institute of Scientific Atheism of the Academy of Social Sciences
instructor (docent)
intercession (pokrov); Intercession of the Blessed Virgin;
church of the Intercession (Pokrov)
invitations (vyzovy, pl.)
Ioakim (1620-1690) ; patriarch, r. 1674-1690)
Ioann (1876-1934), bp. of Riga
Ioann (d.1089); metropolitan
Ioann Maximovich (d. 1715), archbishop
Ioann Neronov (1591-1670)
Ioann Vostorgov (1867-1918)
Ioann Yanyshev (1826-1910)
Ioann, metropolitan of Kiev and Galich
Ioanniky Rudnev (1826-1900)
Ioanniky Seniutovich (d. 1729), abbot of Kievan caves, 1715-1729
Ioasaf (bp. of Kodiak, r. 1761-1799)
Ioasaf I (d. 1641)
Ioasaf II (r. 1667-1672)
Ioasaf Krokovsky (d. 1718), abbot of Kievan caves, 1697-1708
Iona (served 1599-1605)
Iona, metropolitan of Moscow (d. 1461, r. 1448-1461))
Iona of Novgorod (d. 1470), archbishop
Ioasaf Gorlenko (1705-1754), canonized 1911
Iosif (r. 1642-1652)
Iosif, patr. of Constantinople (r. 1416-1439)
Iosif Chernov (d. 1975) metropolitan of Alma-Ata
Iosif of Voronezh (d. 1726)
Iosif Oransky (d. 1751), abbot of Kievan caves, 1748-1751
Iosif Savrasha (d. 1984)
Iosif Semashko (1798-1868)
Iosif Trizna (d. 1655), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1647-1655
Iov (d. 1607)
Ipaty Potsei (d. 1605), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1599-1605
Ipaty Poty, Adam Poty (Poceij, 1541-1613), metropolitan of Kiev, 1599-1613
Irenaeus of Lyons (late second century)
Irenaeus (fl. c. 175-c. 195); bishop
Irgiz river, the
Irkutsk Ecclesiastical Seminary
Isaac ben Solomon Luria (1634-1572)
Isidor (d. 1463)
Islah reformist movement
Ismail (1487-1524) sheikh
Ismail Bey Gaspirali (1851-1914)
iurodivyi: holy fool, "fool for the sake of Christ" (Khrista radi)
Ivan (1554-1581)
Ivan Alexeevich (1666-1696)
Ivan I Kalita (c.1303-1340, r. 1325-1340)
Ivan II (1353-1358)
Ivan III, Grand Prince (r. 1462-1505)
Ivan IV (1530-1584);Ivan IV the Terrible (r. 1533-1584)
Ivan V (1666-1696)
Ivan VI (r. 1740-1741)
Ivan the Great bell tower
Ivan Veniaminov (1797-1879)
Ivan VI (1740-1764)
Ivanov, Viacheslav (1866-1949)
Ivanov-Klyshnikov, Pavel Vasilevich (1886-1941)
Ivanov-Klyshnikov, Vasily V. (1849-1919)
Ivanovich, Vasily (1552-1612)
izbornik . anthology
izbranaia tysiacha: chosen thousand
Iziaslav, Prince (r. 1054-1078)
Izvestia: not italicized

Jackson-Vanik amendment (1974)
Jacob of Medzpin, Saint
jadid: Muslim reform or renaissance movement
jadidism, jadidist
Jadwiga (1373-1399), Polish queen
Jafar al-Sadiq (c.700-765),
Jagiello (Jogaila, c.1351-1434)
Jamal Ad-Din al-Afghani (1839-1897)
James, apocryphal Protoevangelium of (c.150 a.d.)
Jassy: for iasi
Jeremiah II, patriarch (1536-1595)
Jerome (c.345-c.419)
Jesuit (1534)
Jesuit College (in SPb.)
Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (AFC)
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Jewish World Council for Russian War Relief
Job, metropolitan of Novgorod (r. 1697-1716)
John Chyrsostom (344-407)
John Italus (c.1025-1082)
John of Damascus, Saint (c.675-c.749)
John of Kronstadt, Father (Ivan Sergeiev, 1829-1909),
died 20 Dec 1908/2 Jan 1909 canonized 1990
John Scholasticus (d. 577)
John the Theologian
Joseph II (r. 1780-1790)
Josephians (possessors)
Joseph of Volokolamsk monastery
Joseph Reshilov (d. 1738)
Joseph Sanin of Volokolamsk (1440?-1515)
Joseph-Solomon ben Moisei of Lutsk (d. 1844)
Josephite Schism
Josyf Slipy, metropolitan of Lviv (1892-1984)
Judaizers (Zhidovstvuiushchie)
Judgment : the Last Judgment
Julie von KrŸdener, Baroness (1764-1824)

K. = Kiev
Kabanov: Ksenos (pseudonym of Ilarion Egorov Kabanov, d. 1882)
kabbalist; kabbalistic tradition
kadim (old), Islamic movement
kahal: community; Book of the Kahal (Kniga kagala)
Kalinin, Mikhail Ivanonvich (1875-1946)
Kallistrat, Patriarch-Catholicos (r. 1932-1952)
Kalnev, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (d. 1942)
Kalweit, Martin (1833-1911)
Kamen-Kashinsk: bishop of Kamen-Kashinsk
Kamenev, Lev (1883-1936)
Kangxi (Kang Hsi, 1661-1772), Manchu emperor
Karaite Religious Consistory (Karaimskoe dukhovnoe pravlenie)
Karakhan , Leo (1889-1937)
Karamzin, Nicholas (1766-1826)
Karelia and Ladoga, bishop of
Karev Alexander (1894-1971)
Kargel, Ivan V. (1849-1937)
Karlovci synod of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad
Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary)
Karpov, Georgy G. (b. 1898)
Kartalinsky Nerses
Kartashev, Anton V. (1875-1960)
Katkov, Mikhail Mikoforovich (1875-1928)
Kaufmann, Konstantin P. (1818-1882), governor general
Kaunas (formerly Kovno)
Kazan diocese
kelar': cellarer; storehouse manager
keleinik. cell-servant
Ken : the river Ken near Lake Onega
Kerensky, Alexander F. (1881-1970)
Khabarov, Erofei (1610-1667)
khan of the Crimea
Kharchev, Konstantine (1934-1994)
Khategnash, protector of gardens
Kheruvimskaia pesn'. 'Cherubim Song"
Khlysty or Flagellants
Kholm (or Chelm) in the kingdom of Poland
Kholmogory and Vaga, diocese of
Khortitsa, not Chortitsa
Khotin, district of Bessarabia.
khristovshchina: Christ-faith
Khrushchev antireligious campaign
Khrushchev, Nikita (1894-1971)
Kiakhta, treaty of (14 June 1728)
kibitka. covered cart
Kiev Ecclesiastical Academy; Kiev Mohyla Academy; Kiev Mohyla Ecclesiastical Academy
Kiev, annexed by Moscow (1667)
Kievan Rus
Kievan Caves Patericon, the; the patericon
kilometer: km; km = .62 mile
King James version
Kipling, Rudyard (1865-1936)
Kiprian (d. 1406)
Kireevsky, Ivan (1806-1856)
Kirill (secular name, Kiprian Timofeev, d. 1873)
Kirill of Belozersk (1337-1427), Saint Kirill of the White Lake
Kirill of Smolensk (b. 1946)
Kirill of Turov (d. 1183)
Kirill Terletsky (d. 1607), bishop of Lutsk of Ostrih (r. 1585-1607)
Kirill, metropolitan (r. 1568-1572)
Kirillovskaia kniga. Book of Cyril (1644)
Kitai-gorod: walled lower city, White City, in Moscow
Kitovras (centaur), the
Kizilbash (literally, red head)
Klassen, Abram (1810-1864)
Kliuchevsky, Vasily Osipovich (1841-1911)
Kliuev, Nikolai (1887-1937)
Klychkov, Sergei (1889-1940)
kniaz: prince
Knowledge society (Znanie):
Knowledge society was the Society for the Dissemination of Political and Scientific Knowledge
Kochubei, Viktor P. (1768-1834)
kokoshniks: bonnet-shaped ogees, bonnet-shaped eves
Kolchak, Admiral Alexander V. (1873?-1920)
Kolokol (The Bell)
Kolomna and Kashira, diocese of
Koltovskaia, Anna Alexeevna (d. 1629)
komsomol, Communist Youth League
Konon (d. 1884) of Novozybkov
Konstantin, for most Russian forms of the name, not Constantine
Koo ,Wellington (1888-1985)
Kopystensky, Mikhail (d. 1612)
Korff, Count Modest Modestovich (d. 1933)
Koriun (fl. 445-451); bishop
Kormchaia kniga,Pilot Book (Kormchaia kniga)
Kornilov, Lava (1870-1918)
Kornily of Novgorod (r. 1674-1695)
korobka, or communal tax
Korolenko, Vladimir (1853-1921)
Kostomarov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1817-1885)
Kostelnyk, Havryil (1886-1948)
Kotzubue, August (1761-1819)
Kovalevsky, Maxim Maximovich (1851-1916)
Kovner, Rabbi Yankale (Kovensky) = Yakov Barit (1797-1883)
Kovno, Kaunas (formerly Kovno)
Kovylin, Ilya (1731-1809), merchant, leader of Pomorie Old Believers in Moscow
Kozma Kosoi
krai: territory
Krasikov, Peter A. (1870-1939)
Krasnitsky, Vladimir Dmitrievich (1880-1936)
Kremlin, the: capitalized in Moscow only
kremlin: Novgorod's cathedral of Holy Wisdom inside the kremlin
krestovyi ieromonakh. monastic priest of the patriarchal headquarters
Krieser, Jacob (1905-1952)
Kriuchkov, Gennady K. (b. 1927)
Kriuchkov, Ksenofont Nikiforovich (d. 1909)
kriuk (hook) notation (kriukovoe penie)
Krupskaia, Nadezhda (1869-1939)
KrŸdener, Julie von, Baroness (1764-1824)
Krutitsy: ancient see resident in Moscow and second
most prestigious see in Russia; formerly diocese of Sarai
Krylenko, Nikolai (1885-1938)
Ksenos (pseudonym of Ilarion Egorov Kabanov, d. 1882)
Kuban Cossacks
Kuban region
Kuchuk-Kainarji, treaty of (1774)
Kudriavtsev, Viktor Dmitrievich (1828-1892)
kukol': monk's headpiece, esp. patriarch's
Kulish, Panteleimon (1819-1897)
Kurbsky, Andrei (1528-1583)
Kuroedov, Vladimir (d. Mar 1994)
Kuzma Minin (d. 1616)
Kuzmich, Elder (starets) Fedor Kuzmich
Kypchak, Kypchak Turks

L. = Leningrad
Labunski: Polish noble
la Harpe, Cesar (1754?-1838)
lakes: Lake Dym; Lake Ilmen in Novgorod diocese;
Lake Illiamna, Lake Lagoda, Lake Chud, Lake Onega.
Lamennais, Felicite (1782-1854)
Lanskoy, S.S. (1787-1862)
Last Judgment, the
last-minute (adj.)
Latin Rite Catholics; but, the Latin rite
Latinists (i.e., Catholics)
Latyshev, Nikodim (r. 1969-1986)
Law Code (Sobornoe ulozhenie) of 1649
Law of God (zakon bozhii, that is, Orthodox doctrine or religious instruction)
Law, the (that is, Hebrew Torah or the Mosaic Law)
Lay of Igor's Campaign (Slovo o polku igoreva)
league: Communist Youth League (Komsomol)
League of Militant Atheists, see Union of M.A.
lections (zachala)
left-hand corner
Leibniz , Gottfried (1646-1716)
Leichoudes, Sophronios (1652-1730)
Lemberg (Russian, Lvov; Ukrainian, Lviv)
Lenin, Vladimir I. (1870-1924)
Leningrad and Novgorod,diocese of
Lents, Heinrich (1804-1865)
Leo III (r. 717-741)
Leo IV the Khazar (r. 775-780)
Leo V (r. 813-820)
Leo XIII (r. 1878-1903), pope
Leo the Great (c.400-461)
Leonid (1768-1841)
Leontiev, Konstantin (1831-1891)
Leonty Lebidinsky (d. 1893)
Leopold II (1747-1792)
Lepikhin, Yakov
Leroux, Pierre (1797-1871)
Leskov, Nikolai S. (1831-1895)
Lestchinsky, Jacob (1876-1966)
Lev, use this form except for Leo Tolstoy and Leon Trotsky
Lev Nagolkin (d. 11 Oct 1841)
Lev Yurlov of Voronezh (r.1727-1730)
Levindanto, Nikolai Alexandrovich (1896-1966)
Levinsohn, Issac Baer (1788-1860)
Liapunov, Prokopy (d. 1611)
Libau (now Liepaja, Latvia)
life (zhitie)
life-style (Web.)
Likhud Sofrony (Sophronios Leichoudes,1652-1730), Ioanniky (1633-1717)
Lisowski, Hereclius, bishop of Polotsk (r. 1785-1795)
Littoral Responses (Pomorskie otvety, 1723)
liturgical books: Triodion, Octoichos, Psalter, Kanon, menaion, Gospel, Apostle
Liturgy of the Presanctified Hosts, the
Living Church (Zhivaia tserkov')
Livonia, wars with (1558-1583)
Litvinov, Maxim (1876-1951)
Lobnoe mesto: "Place of the Brow"
Locke, John (1632-1704) 99
locum tenens: acting patriarch; temporary administrator
Loggin (d. 1654)
long lasting
lower-class (attr.)
Lozovsky, Solomon A. (1878-1952)
Louis IX (1214-1270)
Lublin, Union of, in 1569
Lucaris, Cyril (1572-1638)
Luka Belousovich (d. 1761), abbot of Kievan caves, 1752-1761
Luke the Evangelist
Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilevich (1875-1933)
Luria, Isaac ben Solomon (1534-1572)
Lutostansky, Hippolyte (1835-1915)
Luzzatto, Moses Hayyim (1707-1746)
Lviv (Ukrainian city); Lwow, when in Poland; synod of Lviv (1946)
Lvov, Alexis F. (1798-1870)
Lvov, Fedor P. (1766-1836)
Lvov, Vladimir N. (served March-July 1917)
LycŽe at Tsarskoe Selo, the
Lypkivsky, Archpriest Basil (b. 1864)
lzhekanonicheskiia: false canonical

M. = Moscow
Mach, Ernst (1838-1916)
madhab (Muslim legal school)
magister: master's degree
Mahdi (Muslim savior/messiah)
Maimonides, Moses (1135-1204)
major general
Makary (1481?-1563), metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1542-1563)
Makary (1788-1860)
Makary Bulgakov (1816-1882)
Makary Ivanov (d. 7 September 1860)
Makary Oksiuuk (d. 1961) archbishop of Lviv
Makary of Zheltye Vody, Saint (d. 1504)
Makhno, Nestor
Maklokov, Vasily Alexeevich (1869-1957)
Malenkov, Georgi M. (1902-1988)
Mamin-Sibiriak, Dmitry
Mamre : the oak of Mamre
Mandelshtam, Nadezhda (1899-1980)
Mandelshtam, Osip (1891-1938)
Mandeville, Sir John (14th century)
Mani, prophet (216-276)
Manuel II of Constantinople (r. 1244-1254)
Marco Polo (c.1254-1324)
Maria Alexandrovna (1824-1880)
Maria Naryshkina (1779-1854)
Maria Pavlovna (1786-1859), Grand Duchess
Maria Theresa (1717-1780)
Markell Rodyshevsky (d. 1743)
Markish, Perets (1895-1952)
Martini, Giovanni Battista (1706-1784)
Marsyas-Masses, god of lightning
Mary of Cleopas
Mary the Mother of God
masjit (Rus. masdzhid) Muslim prayer house:
master of Theological Sciences
matins (utrenia)
Matthew of Kiev (r. 1200 or 1201-1220)
Maxim, metropolitan (r. 1287-1305)
Maxim the Greek (1470?-1556, canonized 1988)
Maximus the Confessor (580-662)
May Laws, the
Mazaev, Andrei M. (1848-1928)
Mazaev, Dei Ivanovich (d. 1922)
Mazepa: Hetman Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa (r. 1687-1709)
medresse, or upper level Muslim religious schools
Mefody (1700-1776), Archbishop
Meinhard, or Meinrad, (d. 1196)
Meir, Golda (1898-1978)
Mekhitar Petrosian of Sebastia (1676-1749)
mektep, or elementary Koranic schools
Meletius of Lycopolis (d. 326)
Melety Khrebtovich (d. 1590)
Melety Vuiakhevich (d. 1697), abbot of Kievan caves, 1690-1697
Melnikov-Pechersky, Pavel (1818-1883)
Melnyk, Mykhailo (1903-1955)
Memel, East Prussia (now Klaipeda in Lithuania)
menaion, or menology; menaia, pl.; see under "great"
Mennonite Brethren
Marchlewski, Julian (1865-1925)
Merezhkovsky, Dmitry Sergeevich (1865-1941)
meshchane: townsmen
Meshchersky, Peter S. (1777-1856)
Meskhetian Georgians
Mesrob (or Mashtots), c.361-440)
Messiah and Savior
Methodius (c. 815-885)
metropolitan of Alaverdi ; metropolitan of Lviv; metropolitan of Moscow and all-Russia
Metternich, Count (for. minister of Austria, 1809-1848)
Meyerson, Golda (later Meir, 1898-1978)
mi. = miles
Michael III (r. 842-867); emperor
Michael VIII (r. 1261-1282); emperor
Mickiewicz, Adam (1798-1855)
mid-nineteenth century
mid-seventeenth century
mid: as prefix, usually not hyphenated; midcentury, midday, midnight, midway
Middle East
middle-eastern patriarchs
Middle Ages, the
Mickiewicz, Adam (1798-1855)
midrash: commentary, or "midrash"
Mikael of Sebastia (1542-1570)
Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov (1596-1645, r. 1613-1645)
Mikhail, metropolitan (r. 1818-1821)
Mikhail Melnik (d. 1955), bishop of Drogobych
Mikhail Rohoza (Rogoza, d. 1599), metropolitan of Kiev
Mikhoels, Shlomo (1890-1948)
Mikoian (1896-1978)
mile = 1.6 km
Militant Atheists, Union of (Soiuz voinstvuiushchikh bezbozhnikov)
Miliutin, Dmitry (war minister, served 1861-1881)
million: spell, two million
Mindaug, Lithuanian prince (d. 1263)
Minin, Kuzma (d. 1616)
minister of education
Ministry of National Education
Ministry of State Security (MGB)
Ministry of Transportation
Minor Entrance, the
Minsky, Nikolai (1855-1937)
miracle worker
miracle-working icons
Missionerskoe obozrenie (Missionary Review)
Mitrofan (1623-1703)
Mitrofan (r. 1201-1211, 1219-1223)
Mkrtich I, Armenian catholicos, 1892-1907
Mniszech, Marina, wife of first False Dmitry
modus vivendi
Mohyla, Peter (1596-1646)
Moisei the Hungarian (d. 1043)
Moiseev, Ivan (d. 1972)
Mologa river, the
Molotov, Viacheslav M. (1890-1986),
Monastery Chancellery (Monastyrskii prikaz)
monastery (lavra) of Pochaev (founded 1240); monastery of Khutyn; monastery of Saint George (Yurev); monastery of the Dormition (Uspenskii); monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl, the; monastery of the Transfiguration of the Savior in Murom, the; monastery of the Miracle (Chudov),
monastic (black) clergy
monastic deacon (ierodiakon)
monastic priest (hieromonk), monk-priest (ieromonakh)
monastic priest of the patriarchal headquarters (krestovyi ieromonakh)
Montefiore, Sir Moses (1784-1885), British Jew
Mother of God (Theotokos), Most Holy Mother of God
Morariu-Andrievici, Silvester , metropolitan of Bukovina (1880-1895)
Morchakov, Iosif (r. 1960-1969)
Morozova, the boyarina Feodosia (1639?-1675)
Moscow and all-Russia, metropolitan of
Moscow Ecclesiastical Academy
Moscow Kremlin, the
Moscow-appointed bishop
Moses Maimonides (1135-1204)
motherland, the; the Soviet motherland
Mount of Olives, the
Movses of Tatev (1629-1632)
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick (b. 1927)
Mstislav Mstislavich (r. 1208-1218)
Mstyslav Skrypnyk (b. 1898)
Mstislavsky, Fedor Ivanovich (d. 1622)
Mstislavsky, Ivan Fedorovich (1530-1586); prince
Mt = Matthew
muderris (muderrises, pl.) teacher for medresse
mufti, muftiate: Muslim religious administrator (administration)
Muhammad (570?-632)
Muhammad II the Conqueror (1451-1481)
Muhammad al-Muntazar (disappeared 878)
Muhammediyeh, Muslim medresse in Kazan
Muharrem (the first month of the Muslim year)
mullahs: Muslim teachers, or clerics
multi: no space or hyphen in forming compunds: multiconfessional, multinational
Munnich, Burchard (1683-1767)
Murad II (r. 1421-1451)
Muraviev, Nikita (1796-1843)
Muromtsev, Sergei Andreevich (1850-1910)
Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism
musketeers (streltsy)
Muslim clerics:
mullah (ordinary teacher), mufti (religious administrator), kazi (judge), muderris (teacher for medresse), imam (specialist in Islamic law), muezzin (second rank religious person who calls the congregation to prayer), ulema (scholars)
Muslim law: shariat (religious, canon); adat (customary, common)
Muslim prayer house: (masjit)
Muslim schools: mektep (primary); medresse (upper level)
Muslim ecclesiastical board(s)
Muslim Sufi brotherhoods
MŸnnich,Burchard (1683-1767)

nachalnik: superior
Nadezhdin, Nikolai I. (1804-1856)
Nadir Shah (1688-1747)
Nahman ben Simhah of Bratslav (1772-1811)
Nakhichevan ASSR
Namangan district of the Uzbek SSR
name-giving ceremony
Name Worshipers" (imiaslavtsy)
namestnichestvo: political-military districts
namestnik: translate as "governor, " "governor general, " or "viceroy";
in monastery, "superior" or "abbot"; in cathedral, "vicar"
Napoleon I (1769-1821)
narty (heroes)
Naryshkina, Maria (1779-1854)
Nasedka, Ivan (1570-1660)
nastoiatel': abbot of monastery; dean of cathedral
Natalia Kirillovna (1651-1694)
National Education Commission (in Poland)
Nativity of Christ
Nativity of the Virgin Mary, the
Navasart: beginning of the new year, called Amanor or Navasart
Nazimov, Vladimir I. (1829-1874)
near-eastern Jews
nedel'nye: Sunday antiphons
Nekrasovites (Nekrasovtsy)
Nektarios , patriarch of Jerusalem (1661-1669)
neo-Uniates: or "penitents" (pokutnyky, pl.)
Neronov : Ivan Neronov (1591-1670); Ioann
Nesselrode, Karl (1780-1862)
Nestah-Daredzhan, queen
Nestor Makhno
Nestor, monk (1056-1113)
Nestorius (d. 451?); Partriarch of Constantinople (r. 428-431)
Netter, Charles (1826-1882).
Neusky, Makary (1835-1926)
New Economic Policy (1921-1928)
new Jerusalem, the (biblical allusion, Rv 21.2); New Jerusalem monastery (Moscow)
New Russia
New Savior (Novospasskii) monastery
New Testament Apocalypse,the
newly acquired, newly corrected , newly established
Nicephorus the Confessor (r. 806-815)
Nicephorus Phocas (c.912-969)
Nicetas Stethatos (c.1000-c.1080)
Nicholas I (r. 1825-1855)
Nicholas I,patriarch of Constantinople (r. 901-907 and 912-925)
Nicholas II (1868-1918, r. 1894-1917); abdication of Nicholas II (2/15 March 1917)
Nicholas, Saint: Nicholas the Miracle Worker of Myra, Saint (280?-342)
Nifont (r. 1130-1156), archbishop
Nikifor Tur (d. 1598), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1590-1598
Nikita (d. 1108), bishop
Nikita Dobrynin (Pustosviat, d. 1682); Nikita the Hypocrite (Pustosviat)
Nikodim Rotov (1929-1978)
Nikolai Sokolov of Kaluga, Bishop (r. 1834-1851)
Nikolai Mogilevsky (d. 1955) metropolitan of Alma-Ata
Nikolai Yarushevich (1892-1961)
Nikolai Yurik (d. 1984), metropolitan
Nikoloz Kherkheulidze (r. 1741-1744)
Nikon (1605-1681); Patriarch Nikon (r. 1652-1667)
Nikon of the Black Mountain (Chernogorets, d. 1088)
Nil Isakovich (1799-1874), archbishop of Irkutsk
Nil Maikov of Sora (1433-1508)
Nil Popov (1833-1891)
nine tenths
Nino, Saint (276-338)
Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky, 1936-1991); Nizhny Novgorod, diocese of
nobleman (boyar) (boiarin); nobles (boiare)
nobles (dvorianstvo)
non-natives: (inorodtsy)
nonpossessors (nestiazhateli)
Nordau, Max (1849-1923)
north-south axis
northeastern Rus
Novgorodtsev, Pavel I. (1866-1924)
Novikov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1744-1816)
Novodevichy monastery, the
Novopomortsy (Old Believers)
Novosti, the Soviet press agency Novosti
Novruz, pre-Islamic celebration of spring
numbers: spell millions; 8000 (four digits, no commas)
Nusinov, Isaac (1889-1952)

oblast: region
obnovlentsy: renovationists
Obshchestvo liubitelei drevnei pismennosti: Society of Friends of Ancient Literature
October Manifesto
Octoichos: liturgical book
Odintsov, Nikolai Vasilevich (1889-1938?)
official press (pechatnyi dvor)
ogee zakomaras: shaped like a cross section of the onion dome (called ogee zakomaras)
Ohrid Apostol, archbishopric of Ohrid in Macedonia
Oka river, the
Okhotina, Ekaterina Pavlovna (d. 1882)
Old Belief
Old Bolsheviks
Old Catholics, the
Olearius, Adam (1599-1671)
Olga (r. 945-964, d. 969)
Olgerd (also spelled Algirdas, r. 1345-1377), Prince
Olympus, Mt., in Bithynia, present-day Ulu Dag in Turkey
omofor: bishop's pallium
Oncken, Johann G. (1800-1884)
Ondra, Karl (1839-1887)
one-apse church
one fourth
one third
Onufry (d. 1894),Bishop
openness (glasnost), policy of
oprichnina: personal royal domain (1565-1572)
Optina Pustyn, the
orar: deacon's stole
Orbeliani, Sulkhan-Saba (1658-1725)
order: order of Saint Alexander Nevsky;
order of Saint Andrew; order of Saint Anne ; order of Saint Vladimir; order of the Red Star
Ordzhonikidze (formerly Vladikavkaz)
Organizing Committee of the ECB Church
Origen (185-254)
Orlov, Alexis F. (1786-1861), chief of gendarmes of the Third Section
Orlov, Grigory Grigoryevich (1734-1783)
Orthodox Church Abroad
Orthodox Missionary Society 202
Orthodox-populated areas
Osterman, Heinrich (1686-1747)
Ostrih (Ostrog) Bible of 1581
Constantine Ivanovich of Ostrih (c.1460-1530); Constantine Constantinovich (1526-1608).
Otnaia hermitage,the
Otto the Great (r. 936-973)
Ottoman empire
Ottoman Turks
OVIR, or the Department of Visas and Registration of Foreign Citizens)

Pachomius (c.287-346)
Pafnuty of Kazan (d. 1890), Bishop
Paisy Velichkovsky (1722-1794)
Pakhomy Logofet, a Greek hagiographer who settled in Muscovy in 1440
Palace of Facets
Palaeologus dynasty (1261-1453), Zoe (Sophia) Paleologus (d. 1503)
Pale of Settlement ; the pale
Pallady (Petr Ivanovich Kafarov, 1817-1878)
pallium: omofor
Pamiat (Memory)
panagia, "pectoral icon"
Panagia (All-Holy), the Virgin
panikhida: requiem; solemn service of prayer for the repose of the dead (panikhida)
pan-Islamic, pan-Orthodox
panslavism, panslav
Pantokrator, the Almighty.
panturkism, panturanianism, panturanism
panunity (vseedinstvo)
Papias of Hierapolis (c.60-c.130)
paraman: patriarch's breastplate
Parfenius Levytsky, archbishop of Poltava
Parfinov, Irinarkh (r. 1941-1952)
Paris, Saint Sergius Russian Orthodox Theological Institute in
parish (white) clergy
Parnas, Rabbi Hayyim Nahman (d. 1854)
partition of Poland, first (1772), second (1793), third (1795)
Party: Communist Party; Socialist Revolutionary Party;
Pasha, Enver Bey (1881-1922)
Pashkov, Vasily Alexandrovich (1831-1902)
Passion Week
patericon :
the Kievan Caves Patericon, not capitalized when referred to simply as "the patericon"
patriarch, the
patriarch of Moscow and all- Russia
Patriarch-Catholicos Kallistrat (r. 1932-1952)
patriarchs of Moscow:
Iov (r. 1589-1605), Ignaty (1605-1606), Germogen (1606-1611), Filaret (1619-1633), Ioasaf (1634-1640), Iosif (1642-152), Nikon (1652-1667), Ioasaf (1667-1672), Pitirim (1672-1673), Ioakim (1674-1690), Adrian (1690-1700); Patriarch Sergius (r. 1943-1944); Patriarch Alexis I (1877-1970, r. 1945-1970); Pimen (1971-1990); Alexis II (1990-)
Paul (1754-1801, r. 1796-1801)
Paul of Prussia (1821-1895)
Pauline epistles, the
Pavel (Petr Vasilev Velikodvorsky, b. 1808), Old Believer
Pavel, use Pavel except for Emperor Paul
Pavlov, Pavel (1883-1938)
Pavlov, Vasily G. (1854-1924)
peasant commune (obshchina, mir, artel)
pechatnyi dvor: official press, royal print shop
pectoral icon (panagia); pectoral medallion (panagia); pectoral icon (enkolpion)
Pelshe, Robert (1880-1955)
penitents (pokutnyky)
Pentecost: the day of Pentecost
People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs
People's universities (narodnye universitety)
People's Will (Narodnaia volia)
Pereiaslavl treaty, the (1654)
Peremyshl, Przemysl (Polish)
Perovsky, Lev Alexeevich (1792-1856)
personal royal domain (oprichnina, 1565-1572)
Peter (d. 1326)
Peter A. Valuev (1815-1890); Peter I. Valuev (1815-1890)
Peter I (1672-1725, r. 1682-1725), Peter the Great
Peter II (r. 1727-1730)
Peter, metropolitan (r. 1308-1326)
Peter III (1728-1762) (r. 1762)
Peter Mohyla, metropolitan of Kiev (1596?-1647)
Peter Petrovich Chebyshev (served 1768-1774),
Peter Poliansky, metropolitan of Krutitsy (1863-1936)
Peter the Fuller (d. 488)
Peter, of Alaska (d. 1882)
Peters, Jacob (1813-1884); Oberschulze
Petliura, Simon V. (1879-1926)
Petr: translate Peter
Petrashevsky circle
Petrograd Soviet
Petrov, Andreian (1717-?)
Petrov, Paul (fl. 1760s), leader of Christ-faith
Pg. = Petrograd
Phileas (d. 306)
Philo (15-10 b.c.-45-50 a.d.)
Philotheos, patriarch of Constantinople (r. 1353-1354; 1364-1376)
Photius (c.820-c.895)
Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973)
Pilniak, Boris, 1894-1937?
Pilot Book (Kormchaia kniga)
Pimen (d. 1141), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1132-1141
Pimen of Novgorod (d. 1571), archbishop
Pimen, Sergei Mikhailovich Izvekov (1910-1990, r. 1971-1990)
Pine Grove hill
Pinsker, Lev Semenovich (1821-1891)
Pisarev, Dmitry I. (1840-1868)
Pitirim (patriarch, r. 1672-1673)
Pitirim of Nizhny Novgorod
Pius VI (r. 1775-1799)
Pius VII (r. 1800-1823)
Pius XI (r. 1922-1939)
Pius XII (r. 1939-1958)
Pivochka, Onysyfor (r. 1583-1588)
Plague Riot of 15-17 September,the
Platon Levshin, metropolitan of Moscow (1737-1812), (r. 1775-1812)
Platon, archbishop of Riga (r. 1848-1867)
Platonov, Sergei F. (1860-1933)
Plehve, Viacheslav K. (1846-1904)
Plekhanov, Georgy (1857-1918)
Pobedonostsev, Konstantin P. (1827-1907), procurator general, 1880 -1905)
Poceij, Adam (Poty) (1541-1613, r. 1591-1613)
pod spudom: covered casket (pod spudom)
podvig: spiritual attainment
podvizhnik: ascetic
Pogodin, Mikhail (1800-1875)
pogromshchiki pogrom makers
Pokrovsky, Mikhail N. (1868-1932)
pokutnyky: neo-Uniates, or "penitents"
Poland, partitions of , first (1772), second (1793), third (1795)
Polikarp of Kiev (d. 1182), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1165-1182
Polikarp Sikorsky of Lutsk (1877-1953), Bishop
Polish army
Polish Jewish Bund
Political Literature Press (Izdatel'stvo politicheskoi literatury)
political-military districts (namestnichestvo)
Polotsk and Vitebsk, bishop of
Polotsk: the synod of Polotsk (1839)
Polovtsian (Cuman)
Polycarp of Smyrna (c.70-155)
Polycarp Saint
pomorie: coastal, littoral
Pomorie Old Believers
Pomorskie otvety, "Littoral Responses"
pope, the
Popov, Kornily (1874-1966)
Popov, Nil (1833-1891)
popovtsy: priestly (popovtsy) Old Believers
populist, populism
porebrik band of hollow brickwork
Porphyry's (232-c.305) neo-Platonist
Porte : the Sublime Porte
posadskoe stroenie. Suburbs Statute
Possevino, Antonio (1533?-1611)
Potemkin, Grigory (1739-1791)
Poty, Adam (Poceij) (1541-1613, r. 1591-1613)
Poty, Ipoty (r. 1599-1613)
poverty-stricken parish
Pozharsky, Prince Dmitry (1578-1642)
Praskovia Fedorovna, Tsaritsa
Pravda: not italicized
prayer book (Trebnik)
prayer houses
prayer tier (deesis)
prazdnichnye: great holidays or feasts (prazdnichnye)
pre: usually prefixed without hyphen: prewar; prerevolutionary;
Preobrazhensky cemetery (Preobrazhenskoe kladbishche)
Preobrazhensky Community of Old Ritualists of the Staropomorsk Concord
preparatory commission (predsobornoe prisutstvie)
Presentation : the feast of the Presentation of the Lord in the temple (Sretenie gospodne)
priestless (bezpopovtsy) Old Believers
priestly (popovtsy) Old Believers; the priestly variety
prikaz: chancellery
Primary Chronicle
prior (namestnik)
pritvor: vestibule
Pritzkau, Johann (1842-1924)
Privy Chancellery, the (Tainyi prikaz)
procurator general: the lay supervisor of the Holy Synod;
"our eye and advocate concerning state matters" (oko nashe i striapchii o delakh gosudarstvennykh)
progressive-minded people
Prokhanov, Ivan Stepanovich (1869-1935)
Prokhor (d. 1126) abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1112-1126
Prokhor of Gorodets (dates unknown)
Prokofiev, Alexis F. (b. 1915)
Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)
Prokofievites (prokof'evtsy)
Prokopy Liapunov (d. 1611)
prophet Baruch, the
prophet Mani (216-276)
Protasov, Nikolai Alexandrovich (procurator general, 1836-1855)
Protastewicz-Suskowski, Walery (r. 1576-1579), Bishop
Protestant sectarianism
Protocols of the Elders of Zion
protodiakon: archdeacon
protoierei: archpriest
Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)
provincial assembly (zemstvo)
provincial government reform (1775)
Provisional Government,the
Pruth river
Psellus, Michael (c.1019-c.1078)
pseudo: prefix without hyphen, pseudoreligious; pseudoscientific
Pugachev, Emilian (1726-1775)
Puiu, Visarion, metropolitan of Bukovina (1935-1940)
purges of 1936-1938
Purishkevich, V.M. (1870-1920)
Pushkin, Alexander (1799-1837)
Pustosviat, see under Nikita
pustyn: hermitage, wilderness hermitage, wilderness

qadis, Muslim judges
Queen of Heaven
Quinisextum : ecumenical: the Quinisextum council at Constantinople (692)

Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel (Rosh)
rabbinate: office of rabbi
rabbinists, rabbinite Jews (in contrast with Karaites)
Rachmaninoff, Sergei Vasilievich (1873-1943)
Radio Moscow
Radstock, Lord (Granville A.W. Waldegrave, 1833-1913)
raikom: district committee
raion: district
Raising of Lazarus
Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim year)
rank and file
Rasputin, Grigory (1872-1916)
Ratushnyi, Mikhail (1830-1911)
razdorniki: dissenters
Razumovsky (1709-1771)
reader (chtets)
Reagan, Ronald (b. 1911)
Red Army
Red Banner of Labor, the .
red tape
Reds : the Reds (Bolsheviks)
refectory (monks' commons)
Reformation, the; the Protestant Reformation
Regeneration: Union of Church Regeneration
regional committees (obkom)
region (oblast )
Religious and Philosophical Society, the
religious instruction (zakon bozhii)
religious verses (dukhovnye stikhi)
Religious-Philosophical Society of St. Petersburg
Remizov, Alexis M. (1877-1957)
Renaissance, Renaissance humanist
renovationist :
the renovationist (Living Church) movement; the renovationist schism; renovationists (obnovlentsy).
Repta, Vladimir , metropolitan of Bukovina (Volodymyr, 1902-1925)
requiem (panikhida)
revniteli blagochestiia: Zealots of Piety
the Bolshevik revolution (25 October/7 November 1917); the French revolution; the October revolution
Riaboshapka, Ivan (1832-1902)
right wing
rite: the Latin rite, the Greek rite, Eastern Rite Catholics, Latin Rite Catholics
ritual slaughter (shekhit)
river: Volga river
riza. icon covering
Rock of Faith (Kamen' very), The
rococo style
Rodyshevsky, Markell (d. 1743)
Rogozhky cemetery (Rogozhskoe kladbishche)
Rohling, August (1839-1931)
Rohoza, Mikhail (Rogaza) (d. 1599); metropolitin of Kiev
Roman (d. 303)
Roman, bishop of Lithuania(r. 1354-1361)
Roman Kopa (d. 1736), Kievan caves abbot, 1730-1736
Roman Mstislavich (ruled 1160-1181)
Romanov, Fedor Nikitich (1553?-1633)
Romodanovsky, Prince Fedor (1640-1717)
Ropp, Baron Edward von der (1851-1939)
Rostov diocese, the
Rostov the Great
Rozanov, Vasily (1856-1919)
Rozhkov, Nikolai A. (1868-1927)
Rtishchev, F.M. (1626-1673)
ruble, kopeck
runner (begunets)
rusalki: water-nymphs
Russell, Bertrand (1872-1970)
Russian Bible Society (1813-1826)
Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (Russkaia pravoslavnaia tserkov' zarubezhei, RPTsZ):
Karlovci synod of the Russian Church Abroad
Russian Geographical Society
russianized Georgian royal princess
Russian Jewry
Russian-language studies, Russian-language works
Russian Orthodox church
Russian People: Union of the Russian People
Russian Primary Chronicle, the
Russian Student Christian Movement
russifying, russification
Russo-Iranian war, first (1806-1813), second (1826-28)
Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905)
Russo-Polish war, 1919-1921
Russo-Turkish war of 1877-1878, the;
other wars: 1735-1739, 1768-1774, 1787-1791, 1806-1812, 1828-1829
Rustaveli,Shota (fl. 1190)
Rutsky, Joseph Veliamyn Rutsky (1613-1637)
Rylo, Vassian (d. 1481)

Sabaoth or the Ancient of Days
Sabler, V.K. (b. 1847)
Saburova, Solomonia (d. 1542)
sacristan (psalomshchik); sacristans (readers and cantors)
Sahak (Isaac, r. c.390-438)
saint: spell out when naming saint, Saint Basil
Saint Peter's day (29 June)
Saint Sergius-Holy Trinity hermitage (pustyn) (St. Petersburg)
Saint Sergius-Holy Trinity Lavra (Radonezh, Zagorsk)
Saint Sergius Russian Orthodox Theological Institute in Paris
Saint Simon, Louis de Rouvroy de Saint Simon (1675-1755)
saint (prepodobnyi)
Sakharov, Andrei (1921-1990)
Saltykov, Nicholas Ivanovich (1736-1816)
Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail Evgrafovich (1826-1889)
Sava Vladislavich-Raguzinsky (c.1670-1738), Count
Savinkov, Boris (1879-1925)
Savior-not-made-by-hand (Nerukotvorenyi obraz Gospoda)
Savva (1169-1237)
Savvaty of Solovki
Savvaty Levshin (d. 1897)
sayyids (those claiming descent from Ali)
Sbiruisky, Dionisy (Zbiruisky) (d.1604)
Schelling , Friedrich (1775-1854)
schema (skhima)
schema-monk, or anchorite (skhimnik)
SchlŸsselberg fortress
schnorrer: beggar
scientific-educational approach
Scripture, the Scriptures (capitalize when referring to the Bible); scriptural
seclusion (Greek, anekhorisa)
second-class citizens
Second Coming, the
Secret Branch, political police (Catherine II)
Secret Chancellery
secularization of monastic lands (1764)
Sejm: the Polish parliament (Sejm)
self-taught clergyman
Selim II (r. 1566-1574)
Semashko, Iosif (1798-1868)
semi: prefix without hyphen, except +i: semimilitary; semireligious
seminary in Zhirovitsy
Serafim (1760-1833)
Serafim Glagolevsky (1763-1843); metropolitan of St. Petersburg (r. 1821-1843)
Serafim Gachkovsky (d. 1982) metropolitan of Alma-Ata
Serafim of Sarov, Saint (1759-1833)
Serafim of Voronezh (r. 1863-1886)
Serafim, metropolitan (r. 1821-1843)
Serapion, archbishop of Novgorod (r. 1506-1509) 219
Serapion (b. 1933); Archbishop
Sergei Alexandrovich, Grand Duke (1857-1905)
Sergius Liapidevsky(1820-1898)
Sergius of Radonezh, Saint (1321?-1392)
Sergius Stragorodsky (1867-1944); Patriarch Sergius (r. 1943-1944)
Sergius Voskresensky (1898?-1944)
service book (typikon)
service books, liturgical books: Triodion, Octoichos, Psalter, Kanon
Sestrcencewicz-Bohusz (Roman Catholic metropolitan)
seventeen-year-old youth
seventh ecumenical council (Nicaea II, 787)
Seventh-Day Adventism,
sexton (psalomshchik) (ponomar)
Shaevich, Adolf, (b. 1938)
Shah Nadir (1688-1747)
Shakhno Epstein
Shakovsky ,Yakov Petrovich (1705-1777)
Shalashov, A.A. (d.1963)
Sharaivsky, Nestor (1865-1929)
shariat (Koranic) law, canonic law
shater: tent; tent-shaped roof (shater)
Shcheglovitov, Ivan Gregorevich (1861-1918); minister of justice
Shchelkalov, Vasily (d. 1611)
Shcherbatov, Mikhail (1733-1790)
Shcherbina, Fedor (1849-1936)
sheikh ul-Islam
Sheikh Safi al-Din (1253-1334)
shekhit: Jewish ritual slaughter
Shelikhov, Grigory Ivanovich (1747-1795)
Sheptytsky, Count Andrei (1865-1944)
Sheshkovsky, Stepan (1719-1794)
Shevardnadze, Eduard (b. 1928)
Shevchenko, Taras (1814-1861)
Shield of the Faith (Shchit very)
Shiite Muslim, Shiism, Shiites
Shio-Mghvime monastery
Shirinsky-Shikhmatov, Prince Alexander Prokhorovich (d. 1884)
Shishkov,Admiral Alexander (1754-1841)
Shostakovich, Dmitry (1906-1975),
Shtern, Grigory (1900-1941)
shtetls: villages (shtetls)
(Russian, Shtundisty; German, Stundisten), Shtundism (Russian, Shtundizm; German, Stundismus)
Shuisky, Vasily Ivanovich (1552-1612, r. 1606-1610)
side by side
Siestrzencewicz, Stanislas (1774-1826)
Sigismund of Poland
Sigismund II Augustus (r. 1548-1572)
Sigismund III (1566-1632)
Siia river
Silvester (d. 1566)
Silvester Medvedev
Simbirsk (now Ulianovsk)
Simeon Bekbulatovich (1545?-1616)
Simeon of Thessalonica (d. 1429); Simeon of Saloniki (d. 1429)
Simeon Polotsky (1629-1680)
Simeon, Grand Prince (r. 1341-1353)
Simeon the New Theologian (949-1022)
Simhah, Nahman ben (1772-1811) of Bratslav
Simkhah Bobovich
Simon of Erevan (1763-1780)
Siniavsky, Andrei (b. 1925)
sinodik: prayerbook
Sionskii vestnik (The Herald of Zion)
Six-Day War (1967)
six-tiered iconostasis
six-winged seraphim
sixteenth-century wall paintings
sixth ecumenical council (Constantinople III, 680-681)
Skarga, Peter (1536-1611)
skete, hermitage (skit); skete of All Saints
skhima: distinctive garb, cowl of an ascetic (skhimnik);
schema; schema-monk, or anchorite (skhimnik)
skhimnik: anchorite
Skobeev, Leonid (1851-1932)
Skoropadsky, Hetman Ivan Ilich Skoropadsky (r. 1708-1722)
Skoropadsky, Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky (1873-1945)
Skvortsov-Stepanov, Ivan I. (1870-1928)
Skvortsov, Vasily Mikhailovich (1859-1932)
Slavery Chancellery
Slavic Benevolent Committee
Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy
slavophiles, slavophilism
Slesarev, Flavion (1879-1960)
Slipyi, Josyf, metropolitan of Lviv (1892-1984)
Slovo o polku igoreva: Lay of Igor's Campaign
Smidovich, P.G. (d. 1935)
Smirnov, Ivan
Smogorzhevsky , Iason (Smohozhevsky, Smogorzewski, 1714-1788)
sobor: church council
sobornost (spiritual community)
sobornye: the seven catholic (sobornye) epistles
social class (soslovie)
Social Democrats
Socialist Revolutionary party
socially-minded; socially-minded priests
Society for Religious and Moral Enlightenment.
Society for the Encouragement of Moral and Spiritual Reading
Society for the Restoration of Orthodox Christianity
Society of Friends of Ancient Literature: Obshchestvo liubitelei drevnei pismennosti
Society of the Red Cross, the
socio-economic conditions
Socrates (c.380-c.450)
Sofrony (secular name, Stepan Trifonov Zhirov)
soglasie. concord
soglasiia: compacts, sects
Sokolov, Boris (d. 1928), Archbishop
Sokolov, Ti Khon (r. 1763-1767) of Voronezh
Solomonia Saburova (d. 1542)
Soloviev, Sergei Mikhailovich (1820-1879)
Soloviev, Vladimir (1853-1900)
Solovki : the monastery at Solovki
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander (b. 1918)
Son of Heaven, emperor of China
sopherim (scribes and commentators)
Sophia Alexeevna: Tsarevna Sophia (1657-1704) (regent, 1682-1689)
Sophia: Zoe (Sophia) Paleologus (d. 1503), married Ivan III (1472)
sorcerers (kudesniki)
soslovie: social class
Soviet Information Bureau (Sovinformbureau)
Soviet of People's Commissars of the RSFSR (Sovnarkom, 1917-1920)
Soviet of Workers' Deputies
Sovnarkom , 1917-1920
Sovremenny mir (The Contemporary World)
Sozeresh, god of planting
Sozh: river Sozh
Spathary, Nicholas (1636-1708)
Spasso-Preobrazhenskii: Transfiguration of the Savior
Speransky, Mikhail (1772-1839)
Spiridon (r. 1230-1249)
Spiritual Christians
spiritual attainment (podvig)
Sremski Karlovci (formerly Karlowitz)
Sretenie gospodne, Presentation of the Lord
St. Petersburg Ecclesiastical Academy
St. Petersburg Religious-Philosophical Society
Stackelberg, Otto Magnus (1736-1800)
Stalin : Josef Stalin (1879-1953); Stalin's time (1928-1953)
Stanislav (now Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukrainian SSR)
Stanislav and Kolomyia: archbishop of Stanislav and Kolomyia
Stanislaw II August Poniatowski (1732-1798, r. 1764-1795)
Stankevich , Nikolai (1813-1840)
Staraia Russa: bishop of Staraia Russa
starchestvo: eldership
starets: elder
State Council, state councilor
state secretary (diak)
state-sponsored; state-sponsored church
stauropigial (Russian, stavropigial'nyi),
from the Greek words stauros, cross, and pegnumi, fix,
Stefan (d. 1094) abbot of caves monastery of Kiev, 1074-1078
Stefan Bathory (1533-1586)
Stefan Vonifatiev (d. 1656)
Stefan Yavorsky of Riazan (1658-1722)
Stephen of Perm (1348?-1395), Saint
Stepennaia kniga:
Book of Degrees of the Imperial Genealogy (Stepennaia kniga tsarskogo rodosloviia)
Stepniak-Kravchinsky, Sergei M. (1851-1895)
Stern, Lina
steward (ekonom)
Stoglav: council of the Hundred Chapters
stole, bishop's, epitrakhil' ; deacon's. orar
stoitel' superior
stolnik: a designation which signified the honor of serving as personal attendant to the ruler
Stolypin, Peter (1862-1911)
storehouse manager, cellarer (kelar')
straits: the Turkish straits
streltsy: musketeers
Struve,Peter B. (1870-1944)
Studite Regulation (Studiiskii ustav)
Sturdze, Alexander S. (1791-1854)
Suburbs Statute (posadskoe stroenie)
Sudebnik. 1550 Law Code
Sufi brotherhoods, Muslim
sultan: Turkish sultan
Sunday antiphons (nedel'nye)
Sunnite Muslim, Sunnites, Sunnism
superintendent (inspektor)
superior (nachalnik); superior (stoitel')
Supreme Privy Council (Verkhovnyi tainyi sovet) (1725-1730)
Surhan-Darya region
Sviatogor, the giant Sviatogor
Sviatopolk Vladimirovich (978?-1019)
Sviatopolk-Mirsky, Peter Danilovich (1857-1914)
Sviatoslav, Prince (r. 1073-1076)
Sviatovit, Slavic deity
Sviiaga river
Svir river
Symeon (893-927); Tsart
synagogue-going Jews
Synaxis of the Most Holy Mother of God
synod of Lviv (1946)
synod of Polotsk (1839)
synod of Zamosc (1720)
synod: Most Holy Governing Synod (or Holy Synod)

Tahir, Afzal (1890-1938)
Tahmasp I (r. 1524-1576)
Tainyi prikaz: the Privy Chancellery (Tainyi prikaz)
Tajiks, Tajik SSR,Tajikistan
Tanri, or Tengri
Tarkovsky, Andrei A. (1932-1986)
Tatar: the Tatar Horde
Tatarinov, Alexander Alexeevich (1817-1886)
Tatarinov : the Skoptsy's prophetess Ekaterina Tatarinov (1783-1856)
Tauride province
Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyich (1840-1893)
Te Deum
Techiya (Revival)
Teimuraz Erakles-dze Bagrationi (1764?-1827)
Teimuraz Ieses-dze Batonishvili (1721-1788)
Temirgoi (Kemirgoi)
Temporary Rules of May 1882
Ten Commandments
tent (shater)
Terletsky, Kirill (d. 1607)
Thebaid: Russia's "northern Thebaid,"
Theodore (759-826) of the Studion monastery in Constantinople
Theodore Abu Qurrah, Arab Christian bishop of Harran (c.740-820)
Theodore of Tiron, Saint
Theodoret (c.393-466)
Theodosius of the Caves: see Feodosy
Theodosius the Great (r. 379-395)
Theognost, Metropolitan (r. 1328-1353)
Theolyptus II, patriarch (r. 1585-1586)
Theophanes the Greek (c.1340-1405)
Theotokos (Mother of God)
Third Rome
Third Section, the; political police of the Third Section
Third World
Thomas: the day of Saint Thomas
Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274)
three half-columns
three-finger blessing (treoeperstnoe znamenie)
Tianjin (Tientsin) of 1858, treaty of
Tikhon Filatiev
Tikhon of Moscow (1865-1925); Patriarch Tikhon (r. 1917-1925);
canonized, 1989; secular name Vasily Belavin (1865-1925)
Tikhon of Zadonsk (1724-1783)
Tikhvin: Tikhvin Mother of God,the
Time of Troubles (1598-1613)
Timofei (d. 1131), abbot of Kievan caves monastery, 1124-1131
Timofei (1782-1862)
Timofei Shcherbatsky (d. 1767) abbot of Kievan caves, 1740-1748
Timoshenko, Mikhail Danilovich (b. 1888)
Timur (Tamerlane, 1336-1405)
Tiridates, see Trdat
Tiutchev, Fedor (1803-1873)
Tobolsk : archbishop of Tobolsk
Togan, Zeki Velidi (1890-1970)
Toilers of the East, Baku congress of the (September 1920)
Toktamysh (d. 1406)
toleration, decree of (17 April 1905)
Tolga monastery, the (Tol'gskii)
Tolstoy, Alexis N. (1883-1945)
Tolstoy, Dmitry A. (1823-1889)
Tolstoy, Leo (1828-1910)
Tolstoy, Alexis (1883-1945)
Torah (scriptural law)
Tormasov, Alexander (1752-1819)
Totleben, Eduard I. (1818-1884); General
Toussenel, Alphonse (1803-1885)
townsmen (meshchane)
Transfiguration of the Lord
Trans-Siberian railroad
trans-Volga elders
Trdat (250-330, r. 298-330), King
treasure trove (2 words)
treaty: treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji,
(1774); treaty of Georgievsk (1783); treaty of Kiakhta (14 June 1728); treaty of Gulistan (1813); treaty of Turkmanchai (1828); Adrianople (1829); treaty of Riga (1921); treaty of Aigun (1858)
Trebnik: prayer book; trans. as Typikon
Tree of Jesse
Tregubov, I.M. (1858-1932)
Trent, council of (April 1546)
treoeperstnoe znamenie: three-fingere blessing
Tretiakov Art Gallery in Moscow
trezvenniki: Abstainers
Trifon (d. 1468), Bishop
Trikka: Thessalian city, modern Trikala
Trinity-Elijah (Troitskii-Iliinskii) monastery
Trinity monastery of Saint Antony of Siia
Triodion, liturgical book
Trotsky, Leon (1879-1940),
Trubetskoy, Prince Dmitry (d. 1625)
True Orthodox Christians (istino-pravoslavnye)
tsaddik, or zaddik, Jewish "righteous man"
Tsymbal, Yuhim (or Efim) (d. 1880)
Tukhachevsky,M.N. (1893-1937)
Tula and Belev, diocese of
tunics (svitka)
Turkish sultan
Turkistan, movement for the national liberation of á(Basmachi)
Turkistan National Unity society
Turkmanchai, treaty of (1828)
Turkmens, Turkmen SSR
Tver (now the city of Kalinin)
Twelver Shiism
twenty-fifth day
two-fingered sign of the cross (dvuperstnoe znamenie)
two thirds

Ubeydulla (Gubeydulla, b. 1865)
uezd: "district"
ukaz: "order"
Ukhtomsky, Alexis Alexeevich (1875-1942)
Ukhtomsky, Dmitry Vasilevich (1719-1775)
Ukhtomsky, Esper Esperovich (1861-1921)
Ukraine, west bank
Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox church
Ukrainian Autonomous Orthodox church
Ukrainian Eastern Rite Catholics
Ukrainian-trained clergy
ulema (Muslim scholars, or council of scholars)
Ulozhenie: Law Code
umma.: Islamic unity of all believers
Unger, Abraham (1820-1880)
Uniate: Eastern Rite Catholic (Uniate); (Catholics who followed the Orthodox rite)
Union of Artists
Union of Brest (1596); Union of Florence (1439);
the union (not capitalized when city name is omitted); do not use "unia" when referring to the union.
Union of Church Regeneration
Union of Evangelical Christians (founded 1909)
Union of Krevas (1386)
Union of Lublin (1569)
Union of Militant Atheists (Soiuz voinstvuiushchikh bezbozhnikov)
Union of Russian Baptists (founded 1884)
Union of Russian People
Union of Societies for Religious Laborers (Soiuz religiozno-trudovykh obshchin)
(founded 1922 by Belkov)
United Council of Religious Societies and Groups
(Ob"edinennyi sovet religioznykh obshchin i grupp, OSROG)
United Nations
unordained: see "clergy"
Upper Lavra, of the caves monastery in Kiev
Urban V (r. 1362-1370)
Uspensky, Gleb (1843-1902)
Ustiug the Great (Ustiug Velikii)
utrenia: matins
Uvarov, Count S.S. (1786-1855)
Uzbeks, Uzbek SSR, Uzbekistan

Vaga (vazhskii)
Vakhtang I (c.466-522)
Vakhtang VI (1675-1737, r. 1703-1714, 1716-1724),
king of east Georgia kingdom of Kartli
Valaam island monastery
Valdemar II, king of Denmark (r. 1202-1241)
Valuev, Peter A. (1814-1890) [MERSH has b.1815]
Vardan Mamigonian, Saint (d. 451)
Vardanantz, battle of the (451), on the plain of Avarayr
Varlaam (d. 1105) (abbot of Kiev caves)
Varlaam (d. 1065), abbot of Kievan caves monstery, 1052-1062
Varlaam Vonatovich (1688-1751)
Varlaam Vysotsky (d. 1737), Archimandrite
Varlaam, metropolitan of Kiev (r. 1690-1707)
Varlaam, metropolitan of Moscow (r. 1511-1521)
Varlaam (d. 1601), metropolitan of Novgorod
Varlaam (r. 1583-1586); Archbishop of Krutitsa
Varlaam, Saint (d. 1193)
Varlaam Yasinsky (d. 1707), abbot of Kievan caves, 1684-1690
Varlam Petrov (r. 1768-1802)
Vasilevsky Island
Vasily I (r. 1389-1425)
Vasily II (r. 1425-1462)
Vasily III, Grand Prince (r. 1505-1533)
Vasily Kalika (r. 1331-1352), Novgorod
Vasily Logvinenko
Vasily Luzhansky (d. 1879)
Vasily Shuisky (r. 1606-1610)
Vassian Patrikeev (1470?-1532?)
veche, village assembly, city assembly
vechernia: evening service, vespers
vechnaia pamiat': Eternal Memory
Velikiia minei-chetii: the Great Menaion (Velikiia minei-chetii)
Veniamin Kazansky (1873-1922), metropolitan
Veniamin Fedchenkov (1880-1961), Archbishop
Veniamin Novitsky (1900-1976)
Veniamin of Kolomna and Kashira (r. 1730-1743)
Veniaminov, Ivan (1797-1879), Metropolitan Innokenty
verst = .6 miles (1.06 km)
Vestnik evropy (the European Herald) no italics
Vetka: Old Believer colony of
vicar (namestnik)
vicar bishop: vicar bishop of Cheboksary; vicar bishop of Ostrih in Volyn diocese
vicariate: auxiliary diocese
vice president (two words, no hyphen)
Vik, Boris Ivanovich (1906-1965)
Vikulin, Danilo (1653-1733)
village assembly: (veche) (zemstvo); village assemblies (zemstva, pl.)
Vilna (Vilnius)
Vilna Gaon
Vilnius (formerly Vilna)
Vincent de Paul Society, Saint .
Virgin Mary, the Virgin, the Blessed Virgin
Visitation, the
Viskovaty, Ivan (d. 1570)
Vital, Hayyim ben Joseph (1542-1620)
Vlademar II of Denmark (r. 1202-1241)
Vladikavkaz (now Ordzhonikidze)
Vladimir (c. 956-1015, r. 978-1015)
Vladimir Bogoiavlensky (1848-1918) of Kiev
Vladimir Monomakh (1053-1125), (r. 1113-1125)
Vladimir of Pskov (b. 1929)
Vladimir of Rostov (b. 1935)
Vladimirovich, Sviatopolk (978?-1019)
Vladimirovich, Yury (c. 1090-1157); prince
Vladislavich-Raguzinsky, Sava (c. 1670-1738), count
Vlahovic , Danilo bishop in Bukovina (1789-1822)
Voinstvuiushchii ateizm (Militant Atheism)
Volga river
Volhynia, Volyn diocese, Volyn province
Volkhov river, the
volkhvy: pagan shamens (volkhvy)
Volkonsky, Zinaida Alexandrovna (1792-1862)
Volos, or Veles
Voltaire (1694-1778)
Volunteer Army, the
von der Ropp, Baron Edward (1851-1939)
Vonofatiev, Stefan (d. 1656)
Voprosy nauchnogo ateizma (Problems of Scientific Atheism)
Voronaev, Ivan (1886-1938?)
Voronezh and Zadonsk, diocese of
Voronezh diocese
Voronin, Nikita (1840-1905)
Vorontsov, Mikhail S. (1782-1856)
Vorovsky, Vatzlav (1871-1923)
Vostorgov, Ioann Ioannovich (1867-1918)
Vramshapuh (r. 401-409)
vsednevnye: weekday antiphons
vseedinstvo, panunity
Vsevolod Georgievich, Grand Prince (r. 1176-1212)
Vsevolod Yaroslavich (r. 1078-1093)
vvedenskii, the Presentation, the cemetery of the Presentation (vvedenskii)
Vvedensky, Alexander I. (1888-1946)
Vyborg fortress,the
Vyshinsky, Andrei (1883-1954)
Vysokogorsk Ascension hermitage, the
Vysotsky monastery in Serpukhov
Vysotsky, Vladimir (1938-1980)

Waldegrave, A.W. (Radstock) (1833-1913)
Walsh , Edmund A. (1885-1956)
waqf properties (religious endowments)
Warsaw. Confederation of Warsaw (1573)
week-long siege
weekday antiphons (vsednevnye)
well-to-do class, the
well: hyphenated when combined with participle in attributive position
West, the
west bank Ukraine
western Catholics; western Christian; western filioque in the creed; western Georgia (Imereti);western civilization
White armies
White City (Belyi gorod or Kitai-gorod)
white (lower) clergy; white (secular) clergy
White Lake district
White Lake hermitage of Saint Porfiry (belozerskaia porfir'eva pustyn')
Whites (anti-Bolsheviks), the
Wiebe, Gehard (1827-1900)
Wiebe, Heinrich (1839-1897)
Wieler, Johann G. (1835-1889)
wilderness monastery (pustyn)
William of Norwich (1132-1144)
Wis. = Wisconson
Witte, Sergei (1849-1915)
Wladyslaw IV (1595-1648, r. 1632-1648)
Wolff, Christian (1679-1754)
World Conference on Soviet Jewry
World Council of Churches
world view
World War I, World War II
Wrangel, Peter, Baron (1878-1928)


Yad Vashem
Yakir, Iona (1896-1937)
Yakov, Saint (d. 1391)
Yanyshev, Father Ioann (1826-1910)
yarlyk: the charter (yarlyk)
Yaroslav the Wise (r. 1019-1054)
Yaroslavich, Grand Prince (r.1078-1093)
Yaroslavl Church District.
Yaroslavsky, Emelian (pseudonym of Minei Israelevich Gubelman, 1878-1943)
Yassy, see Jassy
Yemish, protector of the flocks
yeshivah (Jewish religious school)
Yiddish State Musical Theater
youth: Communist Youth League
Yuan Dynasty (1274-1368)
Yultiy, Daut (1893-1937)
Yung Chen (r. 1723-1725); emperor
Yunie bezbozhniki (Young Atheists)
Yuriev (now Tartu, Estonia)
Yurievich, Andrei (1111?-1174); Prince
Yury (Iurii)
Yuschinsky, Andrei (1898-1911)
Yuvenaly of Krutitsy and Kolomna (b. 1935)

Zacharias-Elizabeth church in Petrograd
zachala: lections
zaddikism (tsadikizm)
Zaikonospassky monastery
Zakhary Kopystensky (d. 1627), abbot of Kievan caves monastery (1624-1626)
zakomaras: shaped like a cross section of the onion dome
(called ogee zakomaras); or bonnet shaped eves (zakomary, pl.)
zakon bozhii, religious instruction, Orthodox doctrine
Zamosc, synod of (1720)
Zamoyski, Jan (1542-1605)
Zaporozhe Cossacks,the
Zarudny, Alexander Sergeevich (b. 1863)
Zbyruisky, Dionisy (Sbiruisky) (d. 1604)
Zealots of Piety (revniteli blagochestiia)
zemskii sobor: assembly of the land, the
zemstvo: village or provincial assembly, civil council
Zeno (r. 474-491)
Zhdanov, Andrei (1896-1948)
Zhezl pravleniia: The Staff of Governance
Zhidkov, Yakov (1885-1966)
Zhidovstvuiushchie: Judaizers
Zhitomir and Ovruch: bishop of Zhitomir and Ovruch
Zhuralev, Andrei Ioannov (d. 1813)
Zinoviev, Grigory (1883-1936)
Zizany, Stefan
Znamenie: cathedral of the Sign (Znamenie) of the Virgin
znamenny music (znamennyi raspev)
Zoe (Sophia) Paleologus (d. 1503)
Zoshchenko, Mikhail (1895-1958)
Zosima Valkevich (d. 1793), abbot of Kievan caves, 1762-1786
Zweifel, Eliezer (1815-1888)
Zubko, Antony (1797-1884)