Visitors of the Neue Galerie in New York have been able to view the famous, gold portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer by Gustav Klimt since 2006. However, the portrait was not always housed there. Nazis stole the painting following the Anschluss and showcased it in the Vienna Austrian Gallery. Nearly a century would pass before the painting was returned to its rightful owner. Unfortunately, the Klimt painting represents a minority of returned artworks, with a majority of pieces remaining separated from their original owners or their heirs. Such pieces are often subject to considerable controversy and numerous lawsuits. Notable examples of controversial art pieces include the jewels of the Russian Imperial collection showcased in the National Gallery, Madame Cezanne in the Conservatory showcased in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (“the Met”), and The Night Café showcased at Yale University (“Yale”). Like Adele Bloch-Bauer, these art pieces were taken during a time of conflict and political turmoil. In 1917, the Bolshevik regime confiscated much of the Russian Empire’s private art collections, including the jewels of the Russian Imperial collection, Madame Cezanne in the Conservatory, and The Night Café. While the United States has returned multiple Nazi-looted artworks, like the Adele Bloch-Bauer portrait, the United States has yet to return any Bolshevik-looted art to its rightful heirs.